More Impact Costs

of

Illegal Aliens

on

Minnesota

Dell Erickson*
February 17, 2006

Endnotes


(Not separated in original)

Endnotes
Download a .pdf file (825k) of this paper here.
 

Contents

Item

Page

   Part I  

Introduction

3

Nationhood

4

Public Opinion: Stop Immigration

5

   Figure 1: Public Opinion on Illegal Immigration as a Problem

6

   Figure 2: Snoozing America

6

France

7

   Figure 3: Behead the Infidels

9

Population and Demographic Trends: Demography is Destiny

8

   Figure 4: U.S. Population Projections to 2100

8

   Figure 5: Minnesota Population 1850 - 2150

9

   Figure 6: United States & World Population through History, 1900 To 2020

9

Demography Is Destiny: Loss of Political Representation

13

“Hispanics Now Elect the President” 13
   Part II  

Reconquista!

15

   Figure 7: U.S. Hispanic Population by County

15

   Figure 8: Mexican Flag over Mt. Suribachi

15

Los Angeles: “Capital of Aztlán” 16

   Figure 9: República Del Norte 2080

17

   Figure 10: MEChA Symbol

18

Minneapolis – St. Paul, the New Axochiapan!

 18

   The Mosaic: Matricula Counselor Offices, “Clues”, Isaiah, Startribune, et al. 18

    Figure 11: Los Angeles, Mexico

18

Mexico Is Here Now: Allyn & Co. PR vs. the U.S.

19

   Figure 12: Guia del Migrante Mexicano

19

   Figure 13: Minutemen Want You!

25

Framing the Agenda: Process, Organizations & Foundations

22

   Delphi Technique 23

Are Mexico and Vicente Fox Quesada Racists?

25

   Figure 14: Mexican Stamp

25

    Part III  

Economics

25

Viva La Migra! - Viva Repatriation! 25

      Figure 15: One-way “Free Trade” Bridge

26

   Poverty

27

   Immigration: Losing Jobs Increasing Poverty

27

   Remittances: Losing Jobs

29

   Underground Economy: Losing More Jobs

30

   Black Americans Riot, Leaders Silent

31

   Legal Workers Successfully Prosecute Employers

32

   Housing and the Poor

33

Health Care

33

   TB - Tuberculosis

34

      Minneapolis Startribune and TB Reporting

35

   Leprosy (Hansen's disease)

36

   Rare Diseases Now Frequent

36

Education

38

   Teachers at Risk

38

   Cost Increases Solely due to Legal and Illegal Immigration

39

   The Dumbing Down of our Schools

39

Crime & Sanctuary Cities: Minneapolis & St. Paul

40

   Figure 16a,b: MS-13 at Lake Calhoun, Minneapolis

42

Security Issues (Briefly)

43

Energy

44

Environment

45

Voting Records of the Minnesota Federal Delegation and Environmental Organizations

46

What Needs To Done?

47

Endnotes

48

Endnotes:

 Introduction to Figure 3
 Population and Demographic Trends to Vicente Fox/Stamps
 Economics to Housing
 Health Care
 Education to Endnotes

Introduction to Figure 3

1. The Illegal-Alien Crime Wave; Heather Mac Donald, City Journal (Denville, NJ), Issue 14-1, 2004. See < http://www.city-journal.org/html/14_1_the_illegal_alien.html >.
2. The Impact of Illegal Immigration on Minnesota: Costs and Population Trends; The Office of Strategic Planning & Results Management, Minnesota Dept. of Administration, Dana B. Badgerow, Commissioner. December 8, 2005. See at < http://www.state.mn.us/mn/externalDocs/Administration/Report_The_Impact_of_Illegal_Immigration_on_Minnesota_120805035315_Illegal%20Immigration%20Brief%2025.pdf > or online at < http://www.mnforsustain.org/immg_mn_state_illegals_cost_study.htm >.
And this paper at < http://www.mnforsustain.org/immg_mn_state_illegals_costs_erickson.htm >.
3. Federation for American Immigration Reform, 2003.
4. The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Floridians; Jack Martin and Ira Mehlman, FAIR, October 2005. See at < http://www.fairus.org/site/PageServer?pagename=research_flcoststudy_html >; also see, The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Arizonans; Jack Martin and Ira Mehlman, FAIR, May 2004. See at < http://www.fairus.org/site/DocServer/azcosts2.pdf?docID=101 >; The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Californians; Jack Martin and Ira Mehlman, FAIR, November 2004. See at < http://www.fairus.org/site/DocServer/ca_costs.pdf?docID=141 >; and, The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Texans; Jack Martin and Ira Mehlman, FAIR, April 2005. See at < http://www.fairus.org/site/DocServer/ca_costs.pdf?docID=141 >.
5. See, Undocumented Workers Not Needed in Minnesota: A Reply to the Humphrey Institute's HACER Study Promoting Illegal Immigration In Minnesota, With Policy Recommendations; Dell Erickson, November 30, 2000. See at < http://www.mnforsustain.org/erickson_undocumented_workers.htm >.
6. SAVE: A Useful Tool for State Agencies; Jessica M. Vaughan, CIS, Testimony Before The Joint Committee on Housing; Massachusetts State House, September 20, 2005. See at < http://www.cis.org/articles/2005/jmvtestimony092005.html >.
7. The 50% American: Immigration and National Identity in an Age of Terror; Mark Krikorian, Center for Immigration Studies, Panel Discussion Transcript. October 24, 2005, National Press Club, Washington, D.C. See at < http://www.cis.org/articles/2005/dual05transcript.html >.
8. Zogby-Fox News Poll, April 2005. See, Immigration Policy Issues: What are the most recent developments regarding immigration?, NewsBatch.com, July 200. See < http://www.newsbatch.com/immigration.htm >.
9. Zogby poll: Americans fed up on illegal aliens: Majority against Bush plan for workers, 81% think local police should help feds; WorldNetDaily.com, May 6, 2005. See < http://worldnetdaily.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=44154 >.
10. University of Miami School of Communication/Zogby International Survey: South Florida Hispanics; The Zogby International poll May 08, 2005. See < http://www.zogby.com/news/ReadNews.dbm?ID=990 >.
11. See “Vote Yes on Proposition 200 - The Arizona Taxpayer and Citizen Protection Act” at < http://www.yesonprop200.org/ >.
12. Defend Colorado Now!. See < http://www.defendcoloradonow.org/ >. See the Language of the amendment at < http://www.defendcoloradonow.org/info/language.html >.
13. Your Headquarters for U.S. Internal and Border Civil Defense; See at < http://www.minutemanhq.com/ >.
14. See < http://www.mnforsustain.org/aztlan_photos_matricula.htm > or < http://www.kriseggle.org/ >.
15. See < http://www.thedustininmansociety.org/ >.
16. See < http://www.9-11fsa.org/ > or < http://www.9-11fsa.org/info/about.html >. Minnesotans Seeking Immigration Reform -MINN-SIR < www.minn-sir.us >.
17. Transcripts, see < http://www.mnforsustain.org/immg_audios_videos_immigration_voices.htm >; for actual audio files, see < http://www.mnforsustain.org/immg_audios_immigration_voices.htm >.
Also, the California Coalition for Immigration Reform < http://ccir.net/AUDIO/TakeoverOfAmericaCD/Menu.html >.
18. Walker's World: Europe's migrant elephant; Martin Walker, UPI Editor, UPI.  December 18, 2005.
19. Britons urge crackdown on Muslim protesters; Mary Jordan, The Washington Post, posted by MSNBC February 7, 2006. Photo by David Wimsett / Zuma Press. See < http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/11207606/ >.

Population and Demographic Trends: Demography is Destiny to Vicente Fox/Stamps

1. Population And The American Future: The Report Of The Commission On Population Growth And The American Future; John D. Rockefeller 3rd, Chairman. U.S, Government Printing Office, March 27, 1972 Introduction by Richard Nixon, July 18, 1969, Report page 3. See < http://www.mnforsustain.org/pop_rockefeller_72.htm >.
2. Graphs, see < http://desip.igc.org/populationmaps.html >. For an explanation of the graphs from the original source see, End of the Migration Epoch? An Essay By John H. Tanton; John Tanton, The Social Contract Press. Spring 1994. See < http://www.mnforsustain.org/tanton_j_end_of_the_migration_epoch.htm >.
3. See, Dr. Richard Duncan at < http://www.mnforsustain.org/author_duncan_richard.htm >.
 Specifically note, World Energy Production, Population Growth, And The Road to the Olduvai Gorge; Richard C. Duncan, May 2001. See < http://www.mnforsustain.org/oil_duncan_r_olduvai_theory.htm >.
4. Minnesota’s Energy Future?; Dell Erickson, October 20, 2003. Part I. See < http://www.mnforsustain.org/erickson_dell_minnesotas_energy_future_table_of_contents.htm >.
5. Report: Last Five Years Highest Immigration in History: Illegal Aliens Are Almost Half of New Arrivals; Center for Immigration Studies, December 12, 2005. See < http://www.cis.org/articles/2005/back1405release.html >.
 And, Immigrants at Mid-Decade: A Snapshot of America’s Foreign-Born Population in 2005; Steven A. Camarota, Center for Immigration Studies, Backgrounder, December 2005. See < http://www.cis.org/articles/2005/back1405.pdf >.
6. Report: Last Five Years Highest Immigration in History: Illegal Aliens Are Almost Half of New Arrivals; Center for Immigration Studies, December 12, 2005. See < http://www.cis.org/articles/2005/back1405release.html >.
7. Minnesota: Immigrant Gateway; McKnight Foundation, Hot Issues, 2005. See at, < http://www.mcknight.org/hotissues/overview_immigrants.aspx >.
8. Illegal immigration invasion numbers; Fred Elbel, Desert Invasion.com, July 13, 2005. See < http://www.desertinvasion.us/data/invasion_numbers.html >.
9. Birth Rates Among Immigrants in America: Comparing Fertility in the U.S. and Home Countries; Steven Camarota, Center for Immigration Studies. October 2005. See < http://www.cis.org/articles/2005/back1105.html >.
10. Immigrants Displacing Americans Out Of Their Own Country; Frosty Wooldridge, NewsWithViews.com, October 3, 2005. See at < http://www.newswithviews.com/Wooldridge/frosty85.htm >.
11. Immigrants Displacing Americans Out Of Their Own Country; Frosty Wooldridge, NewsWithViews.com, October 3, 2005. See at < http://www.newswithviews.com/Wooldridge/frosty85.htm >.
12. Undocumented Immigration in the United States; Jeffrey S. Passel, Pew Hispanic Center, March 21, 2005.
13. Cite at, Undocumented Workers Not Needed in Minnesota: A Reply to the Humphrey Institute’s HACER Study Promoting Illegal Immigration In Minnesota, With Policy Recommendations; Dell Erickson. 2003. See at < http://www.mnforsustain.org/erickson_undocumented_workers.htm >.
14. Special Investigation: Homeland Security, Who Left the Door Open?; Donald L. Barlett & James B. Steele; Time Magazine, September 20, 2004. See < http://www.mnforsustain.org//immg_illegals_special_investigation_time.htm >.
15. Immigrants Displacing Americans Out Of Their Own Country; Frosty Wooldridge, NewsWithViews.com, October 3, 2005. See at < http://www.newswithviews.com/Wooldridge/frosty85.htm >. Also see Congressional Budget Office [CBO] reports that S. 2611 will cost $500 billion and a Heritage Foundation study concludes that 103 million immigrants in the next twenty years if S.2611 is passed. "Senate Immigration Bill Would Allow 100 Million New Legal Immigrants over the Next Twenty Years", Robert Rector, WebMemo #1076, The Heritage Foundation. May 15, 2006. < http://www.heritage.org/Research/Immigration/wm1076.cfm >. Also see at < >. A report released by Senator Jeff Sessions states S.2611 would allow up to 217 million new immigrants over twenty years. "GOP Immigration Plan Will Destroy America As We Know It, Allowing 217 Million New Immigrants Over Next 20 Years".  Senator Jeff Sessions, May 15, 2006. See at PipeLineNews.org < http://www.pipelinenews.org/index.cfm?page=immigration151506%2Ehtm >.
16. Attitudes toward Immigrants and Immigration Policy: Surveys among Latinos in the U.S. and in Mexico; Roberto Suro, Pew Hispanic Center, August 16, 2005. See < http://www.pewtrusts.org/ideas/ideas_item.cfm?content_item_id=3022&content_type_id=7&page=7&issue=25&issue_name=Hispanics%20in%20America&name=Grantee%20Press%20Releases >. Note, Table 8, p16.
17. Alternative projections of the U.S. population, Ahlburg DA, Vaupel JW. Demography. 1990 Nov;27(4):639-52. See at Industrial Relations Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455, < http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=2249750&dopt=Citation >.
18. Undocumented Immigration in the United States; Jeffrey S. Passel, Pew Hispanic Center, March 21, 2005.
19. Report: Last Five Years Highest Immigration in History: Illegal Aliens Are Almost Half of New Arrivals; Center for Immigration Studies, December 12, 2005. See < http://www.cis.org/articles/2005/back1405release.html >.
 The Pew Hispanic Center report is online at: < http://pewhispanic.org/files/reports/44.pdf >.
 And, Immigrants at Mid-Decade: A Snapshot of America’s Foreign-Born Population in 2005; Steven A. Camarota, Center for Immigration Studies, Backgrounder, December 2005. See < http://www.cis.org/articles/2005/back1405.pdf >. Footnote 8.
From a September 26, 2005, email from Jeff Passel.
20. A Faulty Demographic Roadmap to the Future; B. Meredith Burke, Spring 2000. See at < http://www.mnforsustain.org/burke_m_faulty_roadmap_2000_census.htm >.
21. A Faulty Demographic Roadmap to the Future; B. Meredith Burke, Spring 2000. See at < http://www.mnforsustain.org/burke_m_faulty_roadmap_2000_census.htm >.
22. See, How to Destroy America; Text by Governor Richard D. Lamm, Music by Roger Whittaker: Just Across the Rio Grande. See < http://usawakeup.org/HowToDestroyAmerica.htm >.
23. Tom Brokaw News, October 14, 2004.
24. Remaking the Political Landscape: The Impact of Illegal and Legal Immigration on Congressional Apportionment; Dudley L. Poston, Jr., Steven A. Camarota, & Amanda K. Baumle, October 2003. See at < http://www.mnforsustain.org/cis_immigration_congressional_reapportionment_poston_d.htm >.
25. For Mayor Villaraigosa’s affiliation with MEChA see California Coalition for Immigration Reform at < http://ccir.net/NEWS/mechaboy4mayor010116.html >.
26. See < http://www.mnforsustain.org/erickson_undocumented_workers.htm#Reconquista! >.
27. Excerpt from a speech made before the National Council of La Raza, Chicago, July 23, 1997.
28. University of New Mexico. See < http://www.unm.edu/~ecdn/ >.

29. La Voz de Aztlán < http://aztlan.net/ >.

30. The American Resistance, quoting, Scott McConnell, “American No More”; National Review, December 31, 1997.
31. Mexicanizing Martin Luther King; Terry Graham, FreeSpeechForum.org, January 2005. See < http://www.freespeechforum.org/MexicanMLK.html >.
32. They call Minneapolis the New Axochiapan, Way North of the Border (a city in Mexico); Eduardo Porter and Elisabeth Malkin, New York Times, September 30, 2005. See < http://polisci.ucsd.edu/cornelius/NYtimes9-30-05.pdf >.
33. The Mexican Fifth Column; Tom DeWeese, May 31, 2005. See at < http://www.mnforsustain.org/immg_mexican_fifth_column_deweese_t.htm >.
34. Punish Employers Who Hire Illegals; Mark Krikorian, The Philadelphia Inquirer, December 4, 2005. See at < http://www.cis.org/articles/2005/mskoped120405.html >.
35. Activists to provide migrants Ariz. maps: Safe routes, stations for water included; Chris Hawley, The Arizona Republic, Mexico City Bureau, January 24, 2006. See < http://www.azcentral.com/news/articles/0124bordermaps.html >.
36. Mexico offers other nations use of consulates in U.S.; Víctor Hugo Michel, Mexidata.info, January 10, 2006. See < http://www.mexidata.info/id745.html >.
37. Mexican soldiers defy border: Homeland Security report: 216 incursions into U.S. made by Mexican military; Sara A. Carter, Inland Valley Daily Bulletin, 1/14/2006. See < http://www.dailybulletin.com/news/ci_3404101 >.
38. Border incursions rattling Arizonans: Incident near Arivaca involved copter, Susan Carroll, The Arizona Republic, Feb. 3, 2006. See < http://www.azcentral.com/arizonarepublic/news/articles/0203incursions0203.html >.
39. Press Release: Minutemen Release Video Of Mexican Army Incursion Of U.S. Border; The Minuteman Civil Defense Corps (MCDC), Scottsdale, Arizona, January 20, 2006. See < http://www.minutemanhq.com/hq/article.php?sid=40 >.
40. News item January 23, 2006; Friends of the Border Patrol. See < http://www.friendsoftheborderpatrol.com/ >.
41. Mara Salvatruchas to take on the Minutemen vigilantes; Ernesto Cienfuegos, La Voz de Aztlán, March 1, 2005.
42. Mara Salvatruchas to take on the Minutemen vigilantes; Ernesto Cienfuegos, La Voz de Aztlán, March 1, 2005.
43. Free legal help line for Mexicans living in U.S.; Tyche Hendricks, The San Francisco Chronicle, Northern California, January 27, 2006. See < http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/c/a/2006/01/27/BAG8AGTRP31.DTL >.
44. For more about Allyn & Company, the V. Fox campaign, big money, and its affiliation with President Bush and the Republican Party, see the Stein Report at < http://www.steinreport.com/ > and Allyn & Company “News” at < http://www.allynco.com/news.html# >.
 Allyn & Company is one-third of “VOX Global Mandate” which is co-chaired by Rob Allyn. It claims to be the “first truly multi-party, multi-national, multi-agency campaign media and polling team.” It is owned by Global OMC (“OMC”) which is in turn owned by global media powerhouse, Fleishman-Hillard, Inc.
 See VOX Global Mandate at < http://www.voxglobal.net/index.html >.
45. Mexico Promises to Block Border Wall Plan: Advertisement; Mark Stevenson with Victor Bermudez, Associated Press, December 20, 2005.
46. Mexicanizing Martin Luther King; Terry Graham, FreeSpeechForum.org, January 2005. See < http://www.freespeechforum.org/MexicanMLK.html >.
 For information on the assault and lawsuit, see, “First Data/Western Union Sued For Immigration Forum Assault”, Terry Graham, Press Release, October 20, 2004. See < http://www.freespeechforum.org/ >.
47. Allyn & Company; see “News” at < http://www.allynco.com/news.html# >.
48. Fox Turns to Texas PR Firm to Shape Mexico's Image in U.S.; Sam Enriquez, Los Angeles Times. December 22, 2005.
49. See, AAT links, Minnesota. See < http://www.winternet.com/~martinez/AATlinks.html >.
50. See, “Minnesota State Bar Association, Legal Assistance to the Disadvantaged Committee, Pro Bono Council, Meeting Notes”, Wednesday, August 3, 2005. See at < http://www2.mnbar.org/committees/lad/ProBonoCouncil.htm >.
51. Mexican-American news service falls victim of government surveillance and intrusion; La Voz De Aztlán News Bulletin, December 24, 2005. See < http://www.aztlan.net/la_voz_victim_of_us_spying.htm >.
52. Officials say OK to border fence; Jonathan Athens, Yuma Sun, July 20, 2005. See < http://sun.yumasun.com/google/ysarchive14980.html >.
53. Using the Delphi Technique to Achieve Consensus: How it is leading us away from representative government to an illusion of citizen participation; Lynn M. Stuter. See < http://www.mnforsustain.org/media_delphi_technique_of_disinformation_stuter_l.htm >.
54. Undocumented Workers Not Needed in Minnesota, A Reply to the Humphrey Institute's HACER Study Promoting Illegal Immigration In Minnesota, With Policy Recommendations; Dell Erickson, November 30, 2000. See specifically, “Affiliations: The Genesis of the Study”. See at < http://www.mnforsustain.org/erickson_undocumented_workers.htm#Affiliations:%20The%20Genesis%20of%20the%20Study >.
55. Shaping Minnesota’s Agenda on Immigration: A Community Conversation; the Minneapolis Foundation, March 21, 2005, Sponsors, see < http://minnesotameeting.org/about/sponsors.htm >.
56. Shaping Minnesota’s Agenda on Immigration: A Community Conversation; the Minneapolis Foundation, March 21, 2005. Sponsors, see < http://minnesotameeting.org/about/sponsors.htm >.
57. The Illegal-Alien Crime Wave; Heather Mac Donald, City Journal (Denville, NJ), Issue 14-1, 2004. See < http://www.city-journal.org/html/14_1_the_illegal_alien.html >.
58. Shaping Minnesota’s Agenda on Immigration: A Community Conversation; the Minneapolis Foundation, March 21, 2005. See < http://minnesotameeting.org/immigration/mtg1.htm >. See also, Summary Report, Frank Clancy at the URL.
59. See < http://www.mcknight.org/grantsprograms/grantee_results.aspx?desc_keyword=%20&page=21&prog_area_1= >.
60. See, “Organizations Opposed to Local Enforcement of Immigration Laws (Minnesota)”; National Immigration Forum, April 2004.
 See at < http://www.mnforsustain.org/sanctuary_minnesota_groups_opposed_to_law.htm >.
Also see, “Affiliations: The Genesis of the Study” in, “Undocumented Workers Not Needed in Minnesota: A Reply to the Humphrey Institute's HACER Study Promoting Illegal Immigration In Minnesota, With Policy Recommendations”; Dell Erickson, November 30, 2000. See at < http://www.mnforsustain.org/erickson_undocumented_workers.htm#Affiliations:%20The%20Genesis%20of%20the%20Study >.
 See La Raza affiliates at < http://www.nclr.org/content/browse/affiliates/?op_states=23 >.
61. Press Release by Senator Cathy Stepp, December 19, 2005. Published by Americans For Legal Immigration. See < http://www.alipac.us/article-943-thread-1-0.html >.
 And more at < http://realdebatewisconsin.blogspot.com/2005/12/who-is-voces-de-la-frontera.html >.
62. See, “Mexican president criticized for racial remark”; Morgan Lee, The Associated Press, in, Star Telegram, Fort Worth, TX., May 15, 2005. See < http://www.dfw.com/mld/dfw/news/world/11653743.htm >.

    Economics to Housing

1. Mexican activist slogan. La migra refers to illegal immigration and the sarcastic slang name given to border control agents. “Repatriation” refers to the hundreds of thousands of Mexicans asked to and voluntarily left the U.S. during the Depression. Mexicans use it as racism with the idea it was wrong then, therefore deporting illegal aliens is likewise wrong today.
2. The Impact of Immigration on the American Workforce; Statement of Steven A. Camarota, Director of Research, Center for Immigration Studies, Testimony prepared for the House Committee on Education and the Workforce, November 16, 2005. See at < http://www.cis.org/articles/2005/sactestimony111605.html >.
3. A Country Should Do Its Own Work: U.S. Immigration Laws Are Not Tied To Labor Market Need; Issues & Views, January 1, 2006. P.O. Box 467 New York, NY 10025. See < http://www.issues-views.com/index.php/sect/2006/article/2084 >.
4. News for South Texans from Congressman Solomon P. Ortiz; Congressman Solomon P. Ortiz, September 24, 2004. See < http://www.house.gov/ortiz/releases/pr_092204.html >.
 Also, Harlingen Hispanic Chamber of Commerce. See < http://www.harlingenchamber.com/harlingen_transportation.html >.
 And, I-69/Trans Texas Corridor. Note the Members of Congress. See < http://www.i69texas.org/ >.

5. For Sale: Harlingen, TX; See < http://www.southtexasfacility.com/area/location.asp >.
 
Also, Trade Zone known as the Free Commerce Center adjacent to the bridge; Alex & Associates Newsletter, May 2005. See < http://72.14.203.104/search?q=cache:tMpguHNCdFUJ:www.allexassociates.com/pdf/NewsletterMay2005.pdf+%22Free+Trade+Bridge%22+at+Los+Indios,+TX&hl=en >.
6.
The Case Against Immigration: The moral, economic, social, and environmental reasons for reducing U.S. immigration back to traditional levels; Roy Beck, 1996; W. W. Norton & Company. New York. Chapters 8-10 discuss immigration’s effects on Black Americans and the “high price of cheap labor”. See Chapter 8 & 9 at < http://www.mnforsustain.org/immg_beck_r_case_against_immigration_chp8.htm >.
 Also see, Unguarded Gates: A history of America’s immigration crisis; Otis L. Graham Jr., Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, New York, 2004. Note Chapter 13: Case for Restriction: Economics.
7. Immigrants Displacing Americans Out Of Their Own Country; Frosty Wooldridge, NewsWithViews.com, October 3, 2005. See at < http://www.newswithviews.com/Wooldridge/frosty85.htm >.
8. See, Punish Employers Who Hire Illegals; Mark Krikorian; The Philadelphia Inquirer, December 4, 2005. See at < http://www.cis.org/articles/2005/mskoped120405.html >.
9. The Impact of Immigration on the American Workforce; Statement of Steven A. Camarota, Director of Research, Center for Immigration Studies, Testimony prepared for the House Committee on Education and the Workforce, November 16, 2005. See at < http://www.cis.org/articles/2005/sactestimony111605.html >.
10. Importing Poverty: Immigration's Impact on the Size and Growth of the Poor Population in the United States; Steven A. Camarota, Center For Immigration Studies. September 2, 1999.
11. In, Undocumented Workers Not Needed in Minnesota: A Reply to the Humphrey Institute's HACER Study Promoting Illegal Immigration In Minnesota, With Policy Recommendations; Dell Erickson, November 30, 2000. See at, Part III:  The CURA/HACER Study & Economics < http://www.mnforsustain.org/erickson_undocumented_workers.htm#Part%20III:%20The%20CURA/HACER%20Study%20&%20Economics >.
12. Poverty: The Immigration Dimension; Edwin S. Rubenstein, VDare.com, October 02, 2003. See at < http://www.mnforsustain.org/immg_immigration_increasing_poverty_rubenstein1003.htm >.
13. Importing Poverty: Immigration's Impact on the Size and Growth of the Poor Population in the United States; Steven A. Camarota, Center For Immigration Studies. September 2, 1999.
Also see, Mass Immigration & its Effects on Black Americans: Importing Racism at < http://www.mnforsustain.org/erickson_undocumented_workers.htm#Mass%20Immigration%20&%20its%20Effects%20on%20Black%20Americans:%20Importing%20Racism >.
14. See, Center for Immigration studies at < http://www.mnforsustain.org/cis_main_page.htm >; website < www.cis.org >.
15. A Jobless Recovery?: Immigrant Gains and Native Losses; Steven A. Camarota, Center For Immigration Studies, October 2004. See at < http://www.mnforsustain.org/cis_jobless_recovery_immg_gains_1004.htm >.
16. For employers known to hire illegal aliens, see < http://www.wehirealiens.com/default.asp  >. The Mall of America was or is, a big employer of illegal aliens. See < http://www.wehirealiens.com/employer.asp?id=1233 >.
17. Study p15.
18. National Data: Immigration Policy Costing American Workers $2,600 A Year; Edwin S. Rubenstein, President, ESR Research Economic Consultants, Indianapolis, VDare.com, October 21, 2003.
19. Study, Footnote #58.
20. Why the new jobs go to immigrants; David R. Francis, The Christian Science Monitor, March 10, 2005. See at < http://www.csmonitor.com/cgi-bin/send-story?2005/0310/p17s01-cogn.txt >.
21. H1-b Information, see < http://www.h1b.info/ >.
22. H1-b Hall of Shame < http://www.zazona.com/ShameH1B/ >.
23. Needed Reform for the H1-B and L-1 Work Visas (and Relation to Offshoring); Norman Matloff, July 24, 2004. See <http://heather.cs.ucdavis.edu/Summary.pdf  >.
24. See Professor Norm Matloff’s “H1-B and Offshoring Web Page” at < http://heather.cs.ucdavis.edu/itaa.html >.
25. Measuring the Fallout: The Cost of the ICRA Amnesty After 10 Years; David Simcox, Center For Immigration Studies, Backgrounder, May 1997. See < http://www.cis.org/articles/1997/back197.htm >.
26. The Financial Times, March 21, 2005.
27. The Misplaced Assumption: On The U.S. Economy; Seth Lubove, Forbes, December 29, 2005. See < http://www.forbes.com/business/2005/12/12/business-2006-predictions-sneakpeek_sp06_02_slubove_business.html >.
28. Employment Tax: Underground Economy Operations, California Employment Development Department, 2004. See < http://www.edd.ca.gov/taxrep/txueoind.htm#What_Does_It_Cost_You >.
29. The Underground Economy: Global Evidence Of Its Size And Impact; Ed. Owen Lippert and Michael Walker, The Fraser Institute, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; Section 3: International Experience with the Underground Economy: Revised Estimates of the Underground Economy: Implications of US Currency Held Abroad, Edgar L. Feige. See < http://oldfraser.lexi.net/publications/books/underground/section_3.html >.
30. The ‘New’ Economy?; D.A. Barber, Tucson Weekly. From, AlterNet, January 8, 2003. See < http://www.alternet.org/story/14909/ >.
31. News Release: Gross State Product October 26, 2005; U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis. Table 3. Gross State Product in Current Dollars, 2004. See < http://www.bea.gov/bea/newsrel/GSPNewsRelease.htm >.
32. Also see, Comprehensive Annual Financial Report For the Year Ended June 30, 2005; State of Minnesota, Minnesota Department of Finance, St. Paul, MN 55155. November 18, 2005. See < http://www.finance.state.mn.us/accounting/2005/2005cafr.pdf >.
33. Blacks vs. Latinos at Work: More African-Americans Claim They Are Passed Over For Hispanics in Hiring;  Miriam Jordan, The Wall Street Journal, January 24, 2006; Page B1. See < http://online.wsj.com/article/SB113806810629254273.html >.
34. L.A. Times, May 28, 2005.
35. End of the Rainbow: South Central Los Angeles ushers in a new era of racial tension —this time between blacks and Hispanics; Roger D. McGrath, The American Conservative, December 19, 2005. Front cover: Black vs. Brown: Diversity in the New LA  See at < http://www.amconmag.com/2005/2005_12_19/cover.html >.
36. See < http://www.theterryandersonshow.com/ >.
37. United States Court Of Appeals For The Ninth Circuit, In Re., Olivia Mendoza & Juana Mendiola, individually and on behalf of all others similarly situated, vs., Zirkle Fruit Co., Matson Fruit Opinion Company, Selective Employment Agency, Inc., Docket No. 01-35276CV-00-03024-FLVS. See < http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/data2/circs/9th/0135276p.pdf >.
38. Time for calm talk about immigration; Editorial, Startribune, December 31, 2005, Opinion, pAA4. See < http://www.startribune.com/561/story/155454.html >.
39. Mexicanizing Martin Luther King; Terry Graham, FreeSpeechForum.org, January 2005. See < http://www.freespeechforum.org/MexicanMLK.html >.
40. Urban Bloat: How Immigration Fuels Population Growth; Jack Martin, FAIR, August 11, 2003. See < http://www.mnforsustain.org/population_us_immigration_cities_effects_fair.htm >.

    Health Care

1. Immigration’s Unarmed Invasion: Deadly Consequences; Frosty Wooldridge, AuthorHouse Books, Bloomington, Indiana. July 2004. Preface to Chapter 11, p83.
2. Study page 11.
3. Medical Emergency: Who Pays the Price for Uncompensated Emergency Medical Care Along the Southwest Border?; Border Counties Coalition. MGT of America, September 26, 2002.
 For a story about veterans being denied health care while illegal aliens received free care. See "A second look at veteran priorities", D.A. King, Forum, The Washington Times, February 26, 2006. See at < http://washingtontimes.com/commentary/20060225-101555-7193r.htm >.
4. Emergency Rooms Full of Illegal Immigrants; FoxNews, Friday, March 18, 2005. See at < http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,150750,00.html >.
5. Illegal Aliens and American Medicine; Madeleine Pelner Cosman, Ph.D., Esq. In, Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons, Volume 10 Number 1, Spring 2005. See < http://www.mnforsustain.org/immg_illegal_aliens_and_american_medicine_0405.htm >.
6. Immigration Impact – Minnesota; FAIR, 2004. See < http://www.fairus.org/site/PageServer?pagename=research_researchb0ab >.

7.
Report: Last Five Years Highest Immigration in History: Illegal Aliens Are Almost Half of New Arrival; Center for Immigration Studies, December 12, 2005. See < http://www.cis.org/articles/2005/back1405release.html >.
 And, Immigrants at Mid-Decade: A Snapshot of America’s Foreign-Born Population in 2005; Steven A. Camarota, Center for Immigration Studies, Backgrounder, December 2005. See < http://www.cis.org/articles/2005/back1405.pdf >.
8. Incidence of Tuberculosis in Olmsted County, Minnesota, 1990-2001; Sarah M. Jump, Mph; Jennifer L. St. Sauver, Phd, et al, Mayo Clin Proc. 2004;79:1119-1123, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. See < http://www.mayoclinicproceedings.com/inside.asp?AID=626&UID >.
9. TB seen in many aliens, study says; Jennifer Harper, The Washington Times, June 8, 2005.
10. TB cases growing in Minnesota, especially among immigrants; Maura Lerner, Startribune, March 23, 2001 (also Editorial same day).
11. Americans deserve tuberculosis says Star Tribune; EZine, ProjectUSA, Issue 67: March 30, 2001. See < http://www.projectusa.org/ezine/2001/ >.
12. Are illegals making U.S. a leper colony?, This is a real phenomenon. It's a public health threat. New York is endemic now, and nobody's noticed; Invasion USA, WorldNetDaily.com, May 22, 2005.
13. PubMed, the National Center for Biotechnology Information; the National Library of Medicine, at the National Institutes of Health. See < http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query/static/overview.html >.
14. Colonias, Disease And Danger: Third World Momentum; Frosty Wooldridge, NewsWithViews.com. February 23, 2005. See at < http://www.newswithviews.com/Wooldridge/frosty35.htm >.
15. See Frosty Wooldridge’s book, “Immigration’s Unarmed Invasion: Deadly Consequences”; AuthorHouse Books, Bloomington, Indiana. July 2004. Note Chapter 11, “Immigration’s Disease Invasion, Deadly Consequences” and Chapter 12, A Mexican-American Registered Nurse Speaks Out”.
16. Improvements for border colonia roads moving forward. See < http://www.sos.state.tx.us/border/majorinitiatives.shtml >.
17. News for South Texans from Congressman Solomon P. Ortiz; Rep. Solomon P. Ortiz, September 24, 2004. See < http://www.house.gov/ortiz/releases/pr_092204.html >.

    Education to Endnotes

1. The Costs of Illegal Immigration: The Impact of Illegal Aliens on the Federal Budget; Mark Krikorian, Center for Immigration Studies, August 25, 2004. See < http://www.cis.org/articles/2004/fiscaltranscript.html >.
2. Study Footnote #16.
3. McKnight Foundation; Hot Issues, 2005. See, < http://www.mcknight.org/hotissues/overview_immigrants.aspx >.
4. A Major Victory Against Illegal Immigration – in Massachusetts?; Mac Johnson, HumanEventsOnline, Jan 16, 2006. See < http://www.humaneventsonline.com/article.php?id=11613 >.
5. Mexicanizing Martin Luther King; Terry Graham, FreeSpeechForum.org, January 2005. See < http://www.freespeechforum.org/MexicanMLK.html >.
6. Last Five Years Highest Immigration in History: Illegal Aliens Are Almost Half of New Arrivals; Center for Immigration Studies, December 12, 2005. See < http://www.cis.org/articles/2005/back1405release.html >.
 And, Immigrants at Mid-Decade: A Snapshot of America’s Foreign-Born Population in 2005; Steven A. Camarota, Center for Immigration Studies, Backgrounder, December 2005. See < http://www.cis.org/articles/2005/back1405.pdf >.
7. Birth Rates Among Immigrants in America: Comparing Fertility in the U.S. and Home Countries; Steven Camarota, Center for Immigration Studies. See < http://www.cis.org/articles/2005/back1105.html >.

8.
Report: Last Five Years Highest Immigration in History: Illegal Aliens Are Almost Half of New Arrivals; Center for Immigration Studies, December 12, 2005. See < http://www.cis.org/articles/2005/back1405release.html >.
 And, Immigrants at Mid-Decade: A Snapshot of America’s Foreign-Born Population in 2005; Steven A. Camarota, Center for Immigration Studies, Backgrounder, December 2005. See < http://www.cis.org/articles/2005/back1405.pdf >.
9. Bilingual Education: A Critique ; Dr. Peter Duignan. Hoover Essay, Hoover Institution. See < http://www-hoover.stanford.edu/publications/he/22/22a.html >.
10. An excellent source of additional information is available at “The Deliberate Dumbdowning of America” by Charlotte Thomson Iserbyt. See < http://www.deliberatedumbingdown.com/pages/pdf_downloads.html >. “Teachers: Don’t miss reading this book. It’s what you’ve been waiting for!”
11. America’s Growing Educational And Job Nightmare; Frosty Wooldridge, NewsWithViews.com, November 11, 2005. See at < http://www.newswithviews.com/Wooldridge/frosty96.htm >.
12. Minnesota: Immigrant Gateway; McKnight Foundation, Hot Issues, 2005. See at, < http://www.mcknight.org/hotissues/overview_immigrants.aspx >.
13. Crime & the Illegal Alien: The Fallout from Crippled Immigration Enforcement; Heather Mac Donald, Center for Immigration Studies, June 2004. See < http://www.cis.org/articles/2004/back704.html >.
14. INS official gets 3 years probation; San Diego Union-Tribune, January 14, 2006. See < http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/mexico/tijuana/20060114- 9999-1m14briefs.html >.
15. See <http://www.mnforsustain.org/sanctuary_policies.htm >.
16. Illegal Alien Gets Into Nuclear Plant: 3 men used bogus Social Security numbers to work at Crystal River; Cory Reiss, The Ledger, Washington Bureau. March 12, 2005.
17. Deadly Legacy Of Illegal Immigration; Frosty Wooldridge, NewsWithViews.com, October 24, 2005. See at < http://www.newswithviews.com/Wooldridge/frosty89.htm >.
18. Capital Murder in Sanctuary Cities; Lynn Woolley, BeLogical.com, December 2, 2005. See < http://www.belogical.com/capital_murder_in_sanctuary_cities.htm >.
19. The Illegal-Alien Crime Wave; Heather Mac Donald, City Journal (Denville, NJ), Issue 14-1, 2004. See < http://www.city-journal.org/html/14_1_the_illegal_alien.html >.
20. Study, p13 – 14.
21. Feds let migrants pile up in prisons at $28K a day; Susan Carroll and Judi Villa, The Arizona Republic, February 23, 2005. See at < http://www.tucsoncitizen.com/index.php?page=border_news&story_id=022505a1_deport&page_number=0 >.
 Also see, The Costs of Illegal Immigration to Arizonans; Jack Martin and Ira Mehlman, FAIR. See at < http://www.fairus.org/site/DocServer/azcosts2.pdf?docID=101 >.
22. Border emergency declared in New Mexico: Governor says area “devastated” by human and drug smuggling; CNN, August 13, 2005.
23. Arizona the Second state to declare a state of emergency on the border; Susan Carroll and Daniel Gonzalez, The Arizona Republic, August 16, 2005.
24. America On The Brink Of Disaster; Frosty Wooldridge, NewsWithviews.com, December 30, 2005. See < http://www.newswithviews.com/Wooldridge/frosty113.htm >.
25. Diversity Is Strength. It’s Also Car Theft; Edwin S. Rubenstein, National Data, VDARE.com, November 08, 2003. See < http://www.vdare.com/rubenstein/car_theft.htm >.
26. Ice Apprehends 44 Minnesota Gang Members, Associates As Part Of Operation Community Shield; U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, News Release, November 3, 2005. See < http://www.ice.gov/graphics/news/newsreleases/articles/051103bloomington.htm >.
27. 100 Members of Immigrant Gang Are Held; Charlie LeDuff,  New York Times, March 15, 2005. See at < http://www.nytimes.com/2005/03/15/national/15gangs.html >.
28. U.S. bracing for smuggling rings to retaliate; Dave Montgomery and Maria Recio, Star-Telegram Washington Bureau. January 19, 2006. See < http://www.dfw.com/mld/dfw/news/nation/13661300.htm >.
29. Border Breakdown; Paul Streitz, May 2, 2005. See < http://www.able2know.com/forums/about50831-0-asc-10.html >.
 For a photograph of a Rape tree see at < http://www.ctcitizensforimmigrationcontrol.com/services.html > or at < http://desertvisions.us/tree.html >.
30. The World Fact Book; CIA; November 1, 2005. See < http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/mx.html >.
 Also see, Source Countries and Drug Transit Zones: Mexico; The White House Office of National Drug Control Policy. See at < http://www.unodc.org/pdf/mexico/country_profile_mexico.pdf >.
31. Drugs, Rebellion, And Mexico's Militarization; Joe Cummings, Mexico Connect. 2005. See < http://www.mexconnect.com/mex_/travel/jcummings/jcdrugsmiltariz.html >.
32. Special Report: Money Laundering in Mexico; Tim Coone, Latin Trade September 1997. See < http://www.newsbatch.com/amsum.htm >.
33. Caribbean Drug Trends 2001-2002; United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Caribbean Regional Office Bridgetown, Barbados, W I, February 2003. See < http://www.unodc.org/pdf/barbados/caribbean_drug-trends_2001-2002.pdf >.
34. Illegal Aliens and American Medicine; Madeleine Pelner Cosman, Ph.D., Esq. In, Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons Volume 10 Number 1, Spring 2005. See < http://www.mnforsustain.org/immg_illegal_aliens_and_american_medicine_0405.htm >.
 Also, see < http://www.mnforsustain.org/sanctuary_policies.htm >.
35. U.S. bracing for smuggling rings to retaliate; Dave Montgomery and Maria Recio, Star-Telegram Washington Bureau, January 18, 2006. See < http://www.dfw.com/mld/dfw/news/nation/13661300.htm >.
36. Immigration and Terrorism: Moving Beyond the 9/11 Staff Report on Terrorist Travel; Janice L. Kephart, Center for Immigration Studies Paper 24. See < http://www.cis.org/articles/2005/kephart.html >.
37. U.S.-Mexican border as a terror risk: Recent intelligence gives the most evidence yet of terrorist plans. Lawmakers push for tighter security; Faye Bowers, Staff writer, The Christian Science Monitor. March 22, 2005. See < http://www.csmonitor.com/2005/0322/p01s01-uspo.html >.
38. Immigration and Terrorism: Moving Beyond the 9/11 Staff Report on Terrorist Travel; Janice L. Kephart, Center for Immigration Studies Paper 24. See < http://www.cis.org/articles/2005/kephart.html >.
39. MS-13, Mara Salvatrucha; Lara Jakes Jordan, Associated Press, in the Contra Coast Times, Walnut Creek CA, March 14, 2005. See at < http://www.contracostatimes.com/mld/cctimes/11133130.htm?template=contentModules/printstory.jsp >.
40. Keeping Extremists Out: The History of Exclusion and the Need for Its Revival; James R. Edwards, Jr., Center for Immigration Studies, Backgrounder September 2005. See < http://www.cis.org/articles/2005/back1005.html >.
41. U.S. pays Mexico to secure border; Chris Hawley, Arizona Republic, December 29, 2005.
42. See, Energy at < http://www.mnforsustain.org/energy.htm >.
 Specifically, Minnesota's Energy Future?; Dell Erickson, October 20, 2003. See < http://www.mnforsustain.org/erickson_dell_minnesotas_energy_future_table_of_contents.htm >.
See comment about the U.S. at < http://mwhodges.home.att.net/energy/energy-a.htm#comment >.
43. First use is attributed to Ron Patterson, moderator of the Energy Resources internet subscriber list.
44.
California's Power Crisis: The Missing (As Usual) Immigration Dimension; Scott McConnell. New York Press, February 06, 2001. See at < http://www.mnforsustain.org/immg_california_energy_crisis_mcconnell.htm >.
 Also see, Is Overimmigration in the U.S. Morally Defensible?; Ben Zuckerman and Stuart H. Hurlbert, August 3, 2001. See at < http://www.mnforsustain.org/zuckerman_b_overimmigration_defensible.htm >.
 And, California's Energy Crisis: Washington's Role; Lindsey Grant, February 2001. See at < http://www.mnforsustain.org/energy_california_energy_crisis_pop_l_grant.htm >.
45. World Oil & Gas: reserves, production, consumption; December 2005, Michael Hodges (USA) and Jean Laherrère (France). See < http://mwhodges.home.att.net/energy/energy-b.htm >.
46. How Many Americans: Population, immigration and the environment; Leon F. Bouvier and Lindsey Grant, Sierra Club Books, San Francisco, 1994.
47. The Environmental Impact of Immigration into the United States; Jason DinAlt, February 1997, In, Focus, Carrying Capacity Network, Vol 4, No. 2, 1997. See < http://www.mnforsustain.org/immg_environmental_impact_of_dinalt_j.htm  >.
48. * Voting records prepared by Americans for Better Immigration, June 30, 2006. See at < http://www.mnforsustain.org/immg_voting_records_minnesota_delegation.htm >.
 Also see, Congressional Environmental Scorecard, December 2005, page 4. CUSP, December 2005. See, < www.uscongress-enviroscore.org >.
 ** Informed opinion of author.
 See,
 ─  Dodging the Population Bomb; Froma Harrop, April 2001, < http://www.mnforsustain.org/beck_retreat_harrop_f_article_dodging_the_population_bomb.htm >;
 ─ 
The Environmental Movement’s Retreat From Advocating U.S. Population Stabilization (1970-1998): A First Draft of History; Roy Beck and Leon Kolankiewicz, June 2001. See < http://www.mnforsustain.org/beck_environmental_movement's_retreat_long_intro.htm >;
 ─  Stances of Various Environmental Groups on Overpopulation and Immigration; FAIR, April 2003. See < http://www.mnforsustain.org/immg_stances_environmental_groups_fair.htm >.
 ─  How and Why Journalists Avoid the Population – Environment Connection; Michael T. Maher, March 1997. See <  http://www.mnforsustain.org/maher_michael_t_how_and_why_journalists_avoid_pop.htm >.
49. The Man Behind the Land; Kenneth R. Weiss, LA Times, Column One, October 27, 2004. See < http://www.latimes.com/news/local/la-me-donor27oct27,1,5995954.story?coll=la-home-headlines >.
50. Paper with excellent immigration policy recommendations and ensure that immigration benefits the U.S. is
"Two Sides of the Same Coin: The Connection Between Legal and Illegal Immigration." James R. Edwards, Jr., February 2006, Center for Immigration Studies.
51. Modernizing America’s Welcome Mat: The Implementation of U.S.-VISIT; Jessica M. Vaughan, Center for Immigration Studies, August 2005. See < http://www.cis.org/articles/2005/back905.html >.

52. SAVE: A Useful Tool for State Agencies; Jessica M. Vaughan, Center for Immigration Studies Testimony before the Joint Committee on Housing General Court [legislature] of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Massachusetts State House, September 20, 2005. See < http://www.cis.org/articles/2005/jmvtestimony092005.html >.

See the state study  "The Impact of Illegal Immigration on Minnesota" here.
Download a .pdf file (825k) of this paper here.

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Part I, Part II, Part III
_____
* Used with permission of Dell Erickson
.
Contact: Dell Erickson <DELL1@visi.com>