More Impact Costs


Illegal Aliens



Dell Erickson*
February 17, 2006

Part III of III
(Not separated in original)

Part III
Download a .pdf file (825k) of this paper here.




   Part I  





Public Opinion: Stop Immigration


   Figure 1: Public Opinion on Illegal Immigration as a Problem


   Figure 2: Snoozing America




   Figure 3: Behead the Infidels


Population and Demographic Trends: Demography is Destiny


   Figure 4: U.S. Population Projections to 2100


   Figure 5: Minnesota Population 1850 - 2150


   Figure 6: United States & World Population through History, 1900 To 2020


Demography Is Destiny: Loss of Political Representation


“Hispanics Now Elect the President” 13
   Part II  



   Figure 7: U.S. Hispanic Population by County


   Figure 8: Mexican Flag over Mt. Suribachi


Los Angeles: “Capital of Aztlán” 16

   Figure 9: República Del Norte 2080


   Figure 10: MEChA Symbol


Minneapolis – St. Paul, the New Axochiapan!


   The Mosaic: Matricula Counselor Offices, “Clues”, Isaiah, Startribune, et al. 18

    Figure 11: Los Angeles, Mexico


Mexico Is Here Now: Allyn & Co. PR vs. the U.S.


   Figure 12: Guia del Migrante Mexicano


   Figure 13: Minutemen Want You!


Framing the Agenda: Process, Organizations & Foundations


   Delphi Technique 23

Are Mexico and Vicente Fox Quesada Racists?


   Figure 14: Mexican Stamp


    Part III  



Viva La Migra! - Viva Repatriation! 25

      Figure 15: One-way “Free Trade” Bridge




   Immigration: Losing Jobs Increasing Poverty


   Remittances: Losing Jobs


   Underground Economy: Losing More Jobs


   Black Americans Riot, Leaders Silent


   Legal Workers Successfully Prosecute Employers


   Housing and the Poor


Health Care


   TB - Tuberculosis


      Minneapolis Startribune and TB Reporting


   Leprosy (Hansen's disease)


   Rare Diseases Now Frequent




   Teachers at Risk


   Cost Increases Solely due to Legal and Illegal Immigration


   The Dumbing Down of our Schools


Crime & Sanctuary Cities: Minneapolis & St. Paul


   Figure 16a,b: MS-13 at Lake Calhoun, Minneapolis


Security Issues (Briefly)






Voting Records of the Minnesota Federal Delegation and Environmental Organizations


What Needs To Done?






    Viva La Migra! - Viva Repatriation!
 Mexican activist slogan1

Testifying before Congress, Dr. Steven Camarota states that, “Immigration policy has been captured by special interests who peddle the notion that immigration is an unmitigated benefit to the nation and that it is costless. Only with respect to the formulation of immigration policy is such nonsense tolerated as conventional wisdom.”2

This section discusses several of the income concerns raised in the Minnesota study and includes several overlooked matters. Depressed wages and reduced employment are significant concerns —especially of disadvantaged Americans. Dumbingdown of schools will be discussed next, following the discussion of the costs, and frightening implications of immigrant spread diseases. Increasing energy use, its higher local price, and availability in a world with diminishing energy resources is a seldom mentioned but serious problem associated with immigration (applies to all U.S. and Minnesota population growth). Finally, environmental deterioration of all kinds is well understood but not mentioned in the state study; scant attention is paid unless in crisis.

Businesses are a part of a local community and a sovereign nation. Forgetting their homeland, many big businesses promote immigration, including the H1-b, L-1, and E, and V visa series, and assume the world’s labor force is their labor force. Business promotes mass immigration because they want subsidized labor —cheap labor that shifts much of the costs of labor from the firm to the public sector. In the case of some visa forms such as the H1-b, “legalized” indentured servants are economically and otherwise part and parcel of illegal immigration. Generally, in essence, management actually avoids competition and believes it has the right to a state guaranteed existence. Immigration is an income redistribution system, redistributing income from workers to employers. In many business related immigration programs, many of its characteristics take the form of the previously outlawed indentured servant. In many cases, the more out-of-date, older and powerful the industry, the more likely immigration is thought a solution to its fundamental economic dilemmas. In that regard, immigration discourages good management. How many fast-food establishments or hotels are needed by the economy?

Immigration clearly reduces economic growth and employment by funneling resources away from dynamic economic sectors. Economically, the process involves a re-allocation of scarce resources to less economically important firms and economic sectors. Implicit in subsidies is the economic fact that without the labor subsidy the economy is unlikely to support the business of that firm. Consumers will chose another item or purchase less of the good or service provided. Without the government subsidy, the firm is likely to either fail or move to another more successful industry sector. Thus, current immigration policies are reducing long run U.S. economic growth while in the short run creating a number of economic and social problems. The staggering implications of this observation was not raised in the Minnesota illegals study. The result will be fewer job opportunities for Americans, lower wages, standards of living, and higher extractions from the public treasury.

When immigration policy was a function of the labor department, a strong correlation with current labor needs was the primary criteria for qualifications and numbers. “Family reunification” essentially eliminated the labor criteria. For several decades, however, immigration levels have not coincided with economic conditions. The price of that ill-conceived policy change has produced the costs outlined in the Minnesota study (and numerous others). One report says it succinctly; the U.S. “continues to import new workers even when many Americans are unemployed. For example, the government predicts that the economy will grow by 22.3 million jobs over the next ten years. Yet, with legal immigration at its present level —and we could completely stop illegal immigration— the number of entrants into the job market will outstrip available new jobs by about one-and-a-half million.”3 Current immigration policies guarantee an increase in American unemployment by nearly two million workers.

Increasing American unemployment and further subsidies of illegal and legal immigrants is clearly evident in bridge projects connecting Mexico with highways in the U.S.


For example, the fastest truck crossing point on the Texas - Mexico Border is the four lane “Free Trade Bridge” at Los Indios, Texas.4 A little known cost is that the trucks are given only a cursory inspection and only Mexican vehicles and drivers are permitted to carry northbound freight. On the other hand, only trucks with Mexican drivers are permitted to carry southbound cargo. Completing the transformation of U.S. territory to Mexican is that adjacent to many crossing points are “Free Trade Zones”.5



Figure 15: One-way “Free Trade” Bridge

Photo by Susan Tully, FAIR

The critical issue is the productivity of labor, much less its cost. Productivity is associated with good management and capital investment. Firm labor markets encourage smart management and investment in productivity enhancing equipment. Looking offshore, it is evident that cheap labor is abundant, yet the economies are not successful. Indeed, it appears to be circular —cheap labor produces less productive economies that produce still more cheap labor —and wide income gaps. The best-sustained increases in U.S. per capita income and productivity have been periods with immigration less than 200,000 per year and no illegal aliens. Quite literally, those periods built the American middle-class, reduced income gaps, and inequalities —the hallmarks of this nation. Because of mass immigration, and for no other reason, the process is in reverse.6 The United States is, in essence, unbuilding the nation we and our forefathers built.

The H1-b and L-1 programs are an attempt to correct the imbalances of the “family unification” immigration legislation. However, no mention is made of the failure of U.S. colleges, corporations, and government departments of labor to adapt and train Americans for the alleged worker shortfall. The title of the preceding reference says it best, “A Country Should Do Its Own Work”. Doing its own work is an essential element defining a nation.

American workers are rightly alarmed while employers have little to fret. Rather than using the workplace to help assimilate immigrants, workplace rules are modified to suit legal and illegal immigrants. Rather than promoting “tolerance”, the workplace is used to promote separation and intolerance of the American culture and compel the acceptance of lawbreakers. American workers are given mandatory “diversity training” and in a creepy mean spirited process, complaints are handled by labeling and often firing the worker. Stacked against American workers, the U.S. Government Accountability Office reported in August 2005 that worksite immigration investigations have essentially ceased. Arrests fell from 2,849 in 1999 to only 445 in 2003. Since the INS was absorbed by ICE (Immigration and Customs Enforcement, 2003) employer hiring of illegal aliens has been replaced with “national security interests”, an excuse ICE uses to overlook workplace immigration violations and the reason the Startribune boldly confided in its editorial “1,000 Minnesota firms” use illegal aliens.7

Addressing employers who disregard immigration laws, Mark Krikorian, Executive Director of the Center for Immigration Studies, states, “a genuine commitment to enforcing immigration law —demonstrated not with words but with deeds— is the most important immigration policy change that America needs.”8


Immigration accounts for the vast majority of the growth in poverty over the last 20 years.
Dr. Steven Camarota, September, 1999

Despite an unparalleled economic boom, the nation's poverty rate and the number of people in poverty have remained high. The mainstream media have deemed this topic taboo, the overwhelming role of legal and illegal immigration as the overarching reason for U.S. or Minnesota poverty. California is an excellent illustration.

Mentioned in the opening paragraphs of this paper was that although the numbers are large, immigration either has little or a negative impact on the overall economy. The impact on certain Americans is large, however. The American disadvantaged, the economically vulnerable, less skilled and less educated are immigration’s primary targets.9

Research by the Center for Immigration Studies concludes, “immigration accounts for the vast majority of the growth in poverty over the last 20 years.” [Emphasis added] Explaining the process, the study states that immigration “diverts scarce public and private resources that are needed to help the poor already here (native-born and immigrant) improve their circumstances.” Referring to the consequences of current policy, the report continues, “immigrants are increasingly likely to be poor, and account for a growing share of our total poor population.”10 Once heralded as the “Golden State”, California is now the poverty Capital of the nation. An identical finding of the California Federal Reserve immigration study was that the income gap between the “poverty rates for persons in immigrant and native households widened in every region of the country and in almost every major metropolitan area during the 1990s.”11

America’s poverty has a grinding circular effect due to legal and illegal immigration. As indicated above, the U.S. and Minnesota directly imports poverty. It also displaces Americans, driving them into or deeper into poverty.12 The process continues by continually increasing the number of disadvantaged at the same time it negatively affects the tax base and the ability of communities and states to deal with it. Businesses join in the race to the bottom by using subsidized labor or go offshore, further damaging local economies.13 Increasing poverty also implies added drug use, worse schools, widening social problems, increasing taxpayer funded health care costs, and suspicion of authority and those with more income.14 Minnesota is traveling California’s downward sliding immigration road.

    Immigration:  Losing Jobs, Increasing Poverty

Job displacement and wage compression are serious issues. The state study only briefly mentioned the unemployment of Minnesota workers created by illegal aliens, but did not fully quantify the costs. Nor does it mention the personal and family tragedies forced on the worker by an immigrant and the employer —which cannot readily be measured (except incidentally as suicide, divorce, etc.). The fact is that any presumed benefits of current immigration policies are dwarfed by the negative social/economic consequences, including the disastrous effects on the disadvantaged American, particularly Blacks and American Indians.

Apparently, the authors assumed the costs were picked up in other state cost data. Thus, double counting would occur if it were considered here. However, that assumption is incorrect. The study is about costs of illegal aliens. Therefore, the study must include not only direct illegal alien costs such as crime, but also the direct costs to citizens. In other words, the costs of unemployment and other assistance to workers who have lost jobs due to illegal immigration must be included.

The Minnesota study topic of “job loss” indicated about 40% of all new jobs in 2004 went to mostly Hispanic illegal aliens. Nationally, the recovery from the recession of 2001 was characterized as having weak job growth. Actually, as in Minnesota, the number of working adults increased over the 2000 – 2004 period. However, all the net job growth was to employed legal and illegal immigrants.14,15 It is difficult for poor American Blacks and Indians, and Whites to climb the ladder of success when the ladder is handed to someone else.16

The numbers are mind-boggling —approximately one eighth of the male Mexican work force is working illegally in the United States; up to 85% of Hispanics in the U.S. and Minnesota are illegal aliens. How many are enough? The Minnesota study failed to mention costs borne by large numbers of Americans who lost jobs or had wages reduced or benefits lost nor mentioned the misery plaguing the American disadvantaged. Echoing the Vicente Fox statement about Black Americans and Mexican stamps (Figure 14) as well as President G. W. Bush, the McKnight Foundation cited in the state report “explains” they fill “crucial jobs” that “others don’t want”.17 One must wonder how this nation and state achieved its greatness without massive numbers of illegal aliens. All Minnesotans will be deeply saddened to read such politically inspired and racist statements in a “serious” study. The prejudicial brashness mirrors the power of the immigration industry. It should be noted that the McKnight Foundation and the Minneapolis Startribune have a cozy association, highlighting the Foundation in articles while the Foundation prominently and widely cites the Startribune on its website.

Economist Edwin Rubenstein states that immigration costs American workers $302 billion annually due to reduced wages and benefits, and displacement from established jobs. It is the poor and least educated Americans who suffer most because their job experience and qualifications tend to “match of those of the illegal aliens”. Suggested in the Minnesota study, but not clearly stated, Rubenstein concludes that a result is that the social safety net is jeopardized, “stretched ever-thinner as unemployment lines lengthen, public healthcare facilities become overcrowded, and benefits are shared among more people.”18 It implies more state funding for unemployment, less money spent by the unemployed, and an economy hurt by higher taxes.

Resembling a similar statement in the study, a separate study from the Center for Labor Market Studies at Northeastern University in Boston reached conclusions similar to the Minnesota study, finding that “for the first time in the post-WWII era, new immigrations accounted for all the growth in employment over the last four-year period.” Unlike the Minnesota cost study and feelings of the pro-illegal alien McKnight Foundation, more Americans and established legal immigrants lose jobs as recent legal and illegal immigrants take their jobs. Andrew Sum, an economist at Northeastern University states, “there has been no net job gain for natives.” The displaced workers, he notes often have little political clout. The Urban Institute’s definition of the unemployed used in the Minnesota study were those 18 to 64, omitting most teenagers.19 Thus omitted from the costs study are the substantial job losses and wage depression suffered by a substantial segment of the population directly impacted. In an aptly named study, “Why the new jobs go to immigrants?”, David R. Francis states that teenagers have lost 1.3 million jobs in the previous four years solely because of immigrants taking their jobs. Severe job losses involve more than teenagers. A scandalous finding was that there were 1.4 million recent immigrants employed in construction, food preparation, cleaning and maintenance, and as production workers. These same industries had more than two million unemployed natives, including many American teenagers and college students (threatening funds for their education).20

The Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco studied the income effects of immigration on California.at11 If one believes the statements of Minnesota’s immigration industry, one might be happy at the California result. However, most Minnesotans would run in fear if they understood what the immigration industry has in store for them. An oft-heard refrain is “it’s a race to the bottom”. In brief, this study found that mass immigration has led to a widening gap between the affluent and the poor, sharply rising poverty, and average state income that has fallen significantly below the national average —and accelerating toward third-world status.

The costs are substantial. The H1-b, H-2a, H-2b, J-1, L-1, and TN immigrant and non-immigrant business sponsored visa programs create numerous generally unstated costs to American workers. Since 1985, over 17 million of these visas have been issued —17 million jobs that should have been filled internally. That these programs were written into law and continue in the face of the damage done to American workers is a testimonial to the power of special business interests and the immigration industry. For example, in the year 2001, 90% of all new positions for computer/IT employees were filled by H1-b’s. The reason is clear: cheap labor; the average H1-b worker earns between 20% and 30% less than the local competitive wage (prevailing wage).21 Despite record unemployment in the industry, Congress increased visas by another 312,000 in 2002.22

Although said to be otherwise, an employer is not required to certify that no qualified U.S. workers are available when hiring the H1-b worker. The L-1 non-immigrant visa is another temporary (7-year) program. Using the L-1, an employer can bring into the U.S. a nearly unlimited number of foreign workers now employed in company facilities offshore. In theory, most of Mexico’s (or China’s!) labor force could work in the U.S. Their numbers now exceed the H1-b visa program.23 Once in the U.S., most of these foreign workers will be fast tracked into the immigrant visa program.24 If any of the females in one of these non-immigrant visa programs delivers a baby, the anchor baby chain begins and continues nearly without end. The suggestion is that the costs discussed and those not mentioned in the state study, must escalate in tandem and only end with the economic or social collapse of the state of Minnesota.

An analysis of the 1986 ICRA Amnesty can be used a template for determining job losses. The ICRA Amnesty resulted in a yearly average of 187,000 citizens losing jobs over ten years at a cost to the public of approximately $53,000 per worker. If one assumes native job losses equal to 15% (1:7 ratio) of the number of illegal aliens, then the additional cost of Hispanic illegal aliens to Minnesota in 2004 would be approximately $167 million (3% state, of 15% national of $37.1 billion total: $53,000 X 70% Hispanic of 1,000,000 illegal aliens, study, p14,15).25 Today, the $53,000 loss per worker would likely be in the $70,000 range and the actual number of illegal aliens substantially higher than given in the study. Thus, using national data suggests the actual cost of illegal aliens on Minnesota workers’ job losses are very likely in the $250 to $300 million range —more than all the other costs of the study combined.

    Remittances:  Losing Jobs

A serious oversight of the Minnesota study was remittances —money sent from local areas to relatives back to the home countries. Up to half of all income received by a family does not enter the local economy but is sent back to the home country. Estimates are that $16.6 billion of 2004 immigrant earnings in the United States were remitted to Mexico.26 Nationwide today, remittances total approximately $60 billion with $20 billion leaving the U.S. to Mexico. Adding an economic multiplier indicates approximately $70 billion of U.S. economic activity is remitted to Mexico and over $250 billion is removed from the national economy. Using its electronic money system, Wells Fargo Bank is one Minnesota firm profiting from this situation. Indeed, it is active in promoting the Matricula ID for illegal aliens. A good question deserving an answer is, “does the state Department of Revenue or IRS audit Wells Fargo, Western Union, Money Grams and other forms and companies involved electronic money transfers for tax avoidance implications?”

If merely one percent of total Mexican remittances are from Minnesota, then approximately $200 million was removed from the Minnesota economy in 2005. An economic multiplier suggest an amount three to five times that figure. Assuming a Minnesota job is worth $25,000 implies a minimum of 8,000 Minnesotans are not employed due to remittances, many in rural communities. Adding a multiplier effect implies a range of 24,000 – 40,000 Minnesota jobs lost annually (“benefits” from the workers would already be included in state economic data, thus there is no offset for assumed job increases). Since remittances are increasing with immigration and number of illegal aliens at roughly 20% each year, the huge effects on the U.S. and Minnesota economy are worse than the amounts presented here. Rural city administrators sometimes claim that immigrants of all kinds and numbers economically benefit the community. They certainly are not in touch with local citizens! Evidently, they have been listening to the fiction of the immigration industry rather than listening to local citizens or reading the research. While subsidizing special employers, local workers overall are harmed and statewide taxpayers saddled by increasing taxes. Rather than helping, immigration is ruining their communities, e.g., California.

Job losses and injury to local economies are in a long line of negative effects. In effect, remittances are a form of welfare from poor Americans to Mexicans and others. In prior periods, foreign welfare was through federal international aid programs. Thus, the source of funds was the progressive individual and corporate income tax. Because the negative effects of illegal and legal immigration falls on other taxpayers —and most heavily on the American disadvantaged— the actual source of remittances is from the less advantaged American. In that regard, due to current mass immigration policies, the wealthy and corporations have managed to transfer the source of foreign aid money to the American underclasses. This is another example of what was stated previously only at a deeper level, immigration is a wealth transfer mechanism.

American Black leaders and human and civil rights activists do not appear to be concerned. Perhaps they do not understand its circular nature. $20 billion in Mexican remittances will fund travel for millions more illegal aliens moving to the U.S. And the process repeats: businesses profit by hiring the cheap illegal alien (or legal immigrant) travel paid by remittances (also evident in the underground economy discussed next), who displace the American worker, shift taxes to other Americans, and additional monies are subsequently remitted to the homeland to fund more travel and the process continues. This inexcusable fact needed stating in the state study —and it must be stopped.

    Underground Economy:  Losing More Jobs

It is big and growing!

The underground economy (or shadow economy) is the economy that escapes taxation or is understated. At the same time it generates significant amounts of social services needs. It also lies at the core of illegal and legal immigration. In this hidden economy, cash is king and fake documents are readily available and accepted. Organized crime thrives; sanctuary cities are magnets for illegal aliens and gangs. Typically, bank accounts and other traceable items are avoided or fake or untraceable Matricula IDs are used. Employers and other immigrants may exploit them. There are no other benefits, jobs are often at the expense of Americans, and public costs such as education, welfare, police, and healthcare are transferred to public sector.

Most of us have been neighborhood participants in the shadow economy —for example, garage sales, flea markets, sale of a household item; as kids, we mowed lawns and earned income from chores. Heavily involved in immigration’s shadow economy are housekeepers, lawn care, construction, farm, and food service workers. Attorneys, accountants, carpenters, electricians, painters must be added. Dealing almost exclusively with illegal aliens, day “labor centers” are a significant part of the cash economy.27

Critics of the Minnesota study said it did not consider offsetting tax receipts. Immigration supporters likewise failed to mention, for obvious reasons, the much greater taxes not paid because the income was under the tax radar (and often remitted to foreign lands).

In 2004, the Internal Revenue Service estimated the underground economy is 3% to 40% as large as the normal economy depending on industry and that the federal government is losing more than $195 billion per year. The larger the immigration numbers the larger the tax and job losses. The population charts of Figures 4 and 5 illustrate the problems are rapidly growing out of control. The underground economy explains a significant portion of Minnesota’s income losses as reported by the San Francisco Federal Reserve’s immigration impact study. California is the state with the largest underground economy estimated to be $60 to $140 billion.28

In 2004, studies by the International Monetary Fund found the amount in the underground economy is growing rapidly, in line with immigration, going from 4% of GDP in 1970 to more than 9% in 2000 with the fastest growth in the 1990s. Even by 1991, the IRS concluded global unreported income had grown to $650 billion, 17% of Adjusted Gross Income.29 Most economists use 10% as a good number.30

Minnesota’s 2005 GDP is approximately $224,000,000.31 Given the above estimates yields a minimum loss to Minnesota revenues of $6.7 million (at 3%), an upper bound of $90 million (at 40%), and conservative but reasonable estimate of $22.4 million (at 10%). As the numbers of illegal aliens (and legal immigrants) entering Minnesota increases, the negative impacts of the underground economy will grow in lockstep.32

    Black Americans Riot, Leaders Silent

The state study should have included the following a the subject matter: “A new wave of race-discrimination cases is appearing in the workplace: African-Americans who feel that they are being passed over for Hispanics.” This was stated in a recent Wall Street Journal article. EEOC lawsuits were brought against Farmer John Meat Co., under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. It is owned by Clougherty Packing Co. in turn owned, not surprisingly, by Hormel Foods. They had been almost exclusively hiring Hispanics for warehouse, packing and production jobs, and Farmer John Meat Co, also had an all-Hispanic HR staff. In a 2004 EEOC action, Zenith National Insurance paid a $180,000 settlement (a national workers-compensation specialist). As legal and illegal Hispanic numbers increase and move north and eastward, frictions between Blacks and Hispanics will increase.33

There will be a distressing price to pay if Aztlán succeeds. All disadvantaged Americans, and especially teenagers and Blacks will suffer. No other development documents the tragedy of “diversity” or “multiculturalism” and its effects on Black America. Blacks are now minorities in areas they previously dominated. Literally, Blacks have been pushed out of their homes, schools, and jobs by Hispanics. Hispanics now make up about 92% of Los Angeles Jefferson High School’s 2,400 students, while Blacks make up 7%. The same is true for other once predominately Black LA schools —and some Minnesota schools. Resulting riots are seldom reported by the Minnesota media (as are immigration related prison riots). In Southern California last Spring, there were a series of three immigration riots pitting Hispanics against Blacks. Blacks have not faired well.34 These are not isolated incidents. Since the 1980s, similar events have occurred all across the country, but are seldom reported by the closed media. If reported, the immigration cause is not mentioned.

A December 2005 article in The American Conservative, “Black vs. Brown: Diversity in the New LA”, describes these riots and the surfacing immigration conflict between Blacks and Hispanics. If legal immigration is not immediately reduced to traditional levels and illegal immigration stopped (and those here quickly deported), the implications for Minnesota and the U.S. are unmistakable, and unsettling. The events LA school were described as follows (excerpts): 35

In Los Angeles, Mexicans and Blacks are killing each other at record rates. As this [illegal & legal immigration] trend spreads, Blacks either can move to other neighborhoods or watch their children stuck in schools listening to Spanish all day. As a result, ‘our children are getting the equivalent of half a day of school’.

A brawl involving more than a hundred students erupted on April 14. During lunch, two Black girls began fighting over a cell phone. A crowd surrounded them immediately, jeering and heckling. A group of Black football players pushed through the crowd to see the action. A milk cartoon arced through the air and hit one of them. “Who threw the carton?” the victim yelled at some Latinos. “Go back to Africa,” came the response. Fighting erupted, spread quickly, and continued for 20 minutes before campus security guards and LAPD officers restored order. Blacks got the worst of it.

Another brawl, this time involving more than 200 students, erupted four days later at Jefferson. Again, it took security guards and cops to quell the disturbance. On April 29, it was Jordan High’s turn when about 100 Black and Brown students fought. Rumors then had it that any Black going to school on May 5 —Cinco de Mayo— would be beaten to a pulp.

During the ’90s they [Blacks] began to be challenged by Hispanic gangs, mainly Mexicans but some Salvadorans as well. Police tell me that the Black gangs are now on the defensive. Gang members wanted for a whole host of crimes often flee to Mexico for a year or two only to return with a new identity, allowing them to resume their criminal activities.

During the last five years, more than 3,000 murders in Los Angeles County have been attributed to gangs. Fifteen or 20 years ago the majority of the murders would have been committed by members of Black gangs. Today, most of the murders are committed by Latino gang members, many of them illegal aliens. Latino gangs now outnumber Black gangs, 209 to 152, and have more than double the number of gang members. The 18th Street gang has more than 10,000 members and is the bloodiest criminal organization in Los Angeles. Police estimate that nearly two-thirds of its members are illegal aliens from south of the border. The Lil’ Cycos gang has a similar composition and, although smaller in numbers, proportionately commits as many murders. Year by year, these Latino gangs and others are taking control of turf once ruled by Black gangs.

It’s clear that the Rainbow Coalition’s colors are running, and they’re running blood red.

Very popular Los Angeles KRLA talk-radio host Terry Anderson dubs himself “the prisoner of South Central” because he, a Black American, experienced the change. One result is his immigration stance, “If You Ain't Mad, You Ain't Payin' Attention!”36

    Legal Workers Successfully Prosecute Employers

Few people know of the Zirkle Fruit Company’s illegal immigration class action lawsuit. Soon it will be widely known. Immigration realists state it is the “most important victory since Proposition 187”. Indeed, on the final day of 2005 the company settled a lawsuit filed by legally-resident workers paying $1.3 million in compensation for lost wages to 5,000 workers and their lawyers. “Zirkle’s legal workers will get about an additional dollar for every hour they worked, compensation for the wage depression caused by competition from illegal aliens.” In appeal, the Ninth Circuit Court found that the two agricultural companies hired illegal aliens in a scheme, “to depress the wages of their legally documented employees” and that the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (“RICO”), 18 U.S.C. §§ 1961-1968, applies and the persons have “standing to sue”.37

Also of great significance is the court’s reversal and remand of the employment agency’s claim that the lawsuit does not apply. Operating as a “front company”, the employment agency facilitated the scheme by employing illegal workers and then loaning them to the other companies. By going through the agency, the firms thought they could get away with it. The court saw through the subterfuge and upheld the conspiracy claim of the legal workers.

In other words, day labor centers and employment agencies are equally as culpable as the firms directly employing illegal workers.

The fact that lawyers will get about one-third of the settlement suggests that trial lawyers across the country will be filing similar lawsuits! The lawsuit was brought by Chicago lawyer Howard Foster, a specialist in RICO, antitrust, and consumer fraud cases. His study of the 1996 immigration legislation found that the RICO statute applied, making it possible for the public to sue to enforce the law against employers hiring illegal aliens. Employers hit with a RICO lawsuit will find it expensive —perhaps financially ruinous— and publicly embarrassing. The owners of the “more than 1,000 Minnesota companies” employing illegal aliens mentioned in a Startribune editorial should lose sleep worrying about a lawsuit.38

These lawsuits will have three critically important effects. First, lawyers will find a very profitable legal niche with a high probability of success; second, it implies existing employer sanctions ($10,000 per illegal worker which ICE, federal and state attorneys general do not enforce) will now have an enforcement mechanism independent of government; and third, the negative consequences to legal employees due to the hiring illegal aliens will carry a significant economic cost to the firm. Moreover, it implies higher rates of employment for Americans at better wages and greater U.S. productivity. One wonders if the other costs —such as those identified in the state study and this paper— would also be applied to the firm and made a part of the settlement? If not directly in a legal workers’ lawsuit, then local communities and states could sue the firms to recover tax expenditures due to hiring illegal aliens. Conversely, the public could bring a lawsuit against a local city for its sanctuary policies or the state permitting the hiring of illegal workers and passing the costs to the taxpaying community.

    Housing and the Poor

Housing studies report that Los Angeles County has the highest rate of severely crowded housing in the United States. The reason is obvious —huge numbers of illegal immigrants and large numbers working for subsistence wages. The “affordable housing” problem occurs everywhere there are illegal and legal immigrants. Seldom is the underlying immigration reason reported. The solution favored by the immigration industry is more programs that aid low-income housing. However, these “affordable housing” programs were originally designed to assist disadvantaged Americans, often Blacks. A reminder of Terry Graham’s “Mexicanizing Martin Luther King” insight, housing resources intended for American disadvantaged have been co-opted by the immigration industry.39 It affects large cities such as Detroit’s Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, Chicago, Boston, Minneapolis, St. Paul, and smaller cities such as Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, Arkansas; Boise, Idaho; Naples, Florida; Boulder-Longmont, Colorado; and Rochester, Virginia; and Austin, Minnesota. The over immigration problems have additional consequences. Multiple families in single family housing produces problems with trash collection, schools, diseases, overused utilities, high rents and high maintenance costs, and constant policing —with tax revenues, a fraction of the costs but not included in immigrations costs .40

Health Care

Immigrants bring diseases into the United States that were unheard of a few years ago and the problem is —they are spreading to US citizens across the country. We are importing a multiple disease epidemic into this nation.
Stephany Gabbard, RN1

Health care expenditures for illegal aliens (and legal immigrants) is a dollar for dollar reduction in health care and medical resources available for Americans. The price Minnesotans pays is more than economic. The health care and living standards of Minnesota’s citizens is deteriorating as they are forced to fund care for non-citizens.

The health care section begins by outlining the staggering financial costs then discusses the frightening diseases now entering the nation and state spread by illegal and legal immigration and refugees.

Recognizing the looming bankruptcy of local and state healthcare facilities, Congress included $1 billion in the 2004 budget to help pay for health care for illegal aliens. Relative to the costs, the budgeted amount is only a weak gesture of the need. Reporting illegal aliens is a sensible solution. The reality is that these are funds taken from Americans for their care.

Threats to Minnesota’s healthcare systems are consistent with the sharp increases in costs of educating and crimes by illegal aliens discussed earlier. The Minnesota study found the health costs of illegals in Minnesota is $35.5 million with approximately half borne by federal tax revenues. The cost of pregnancy assistance was $1,452 per illegal alien woman, $3,560 for each child of an illegal alien, and $12,587 for emergency services (including baby delivery).2 As indicated (Figure 5), in parallel with the influx of illegals, these costs are skyrocketing. These costs are only the tip of the iceberg —these are “anchor babies” supported with vast and unending public assistance.

A 2002 study reached the ominous conclusion that the 24 counties adjoining the Mexican border are “facing a medical emergency”.3 Five years ago states with hospitals along the border spent $200 million on emergency health care to illegal aliens. Even then, in some instances the costs of illegal aliens compelled local healthcare providers to reduce staffing, increase rates, and cut back services.

The Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons published Dr. Madeleine Cosman’s study of California’s illegal alien health care expenditures. The situation is worse than indicated in the study —California’s public health system is collapsing under a $1.2 billion deficit; essentially, it is bankrupt. Illegal aliens in California have resulted in closing 60 hospitals over the ten years ending 2003, with another 24 hospitals on the brink of collapse.4

Ill-advised federal legislation is responsible in some measure for the health care system fiasco. Under the Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act of 1985 (EMTALA), hospitals are obligated to treat the uninsured without reimbursement. The unusual language written into EMTALA suggests the power of the illegal immigration industry. The rule is that if an ambulance from Mexico manages to get within 250 yards of an American hospital, the hospital is required to accept an illegal alien as a patient.5 The financial effects on Minnesota hospitals is that they are being driven toward the same bankruptcy condition seen in other high immigration states. Hennepin County Medical Center in Minneapolis is reeling from the onslaught. The hospital’s administrator, Jeff Spartz, acknowledged five years ago that “102,000 of the 400,000 patients seen” last year required interpreters —a 25% increase over 1999. Noting the large exponential increases in numbers cited in the State study, it cannot continue long before bankrupting Hennepin County Hospital and Minnesota’s rural hospitals or if the costs are made transparent, taxpayers revolt.6

Approximately 700,000 babies were born to post-1990 immigrants who lacked insurance. A study from the Center For Immigration Studies in examining this development concluded that, “new immigrants and their U.S.-born children ac­counted for 73% of the growth in the uninsured population. Thus, it is reasonable to say that the nation’s health insurance crisis is being driven by its immigration policy.”7

How can it get worse? There is an entire illegal alien-baby-citizen-industry. There are advertisements, websites, Hispanic organizations, etc., promoting the practice. Each year, approximately 350,000 late pregnancy alien mothers illegally cross the border expressly to have a baby citizen. Each anchor baby means its illegal alien mother, father, and siblings can come to Minnesota and elsewhere in the United States. All will require health and other assistance for many years —all courtesy of the American taxpayer using funds intended for Americans.

Involved in the failure of the American health care systems, according to the Cosman medical study, are the Ford Foundation-funded Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Fund (MALDEF); the National Immigration Law Center; the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA); the American Bar Association’s Commission on Immigration Policy, Practice, and Pro Bono; the Immigrant Legal Resource Center; the National Council of La Raza (“the race”); George Soros’s Open Society Institute; the Migration Policy Institute; the National Network for Immigration and Refugee Rights; and the Southern Poverty Law Center.at5

The state study scarcely skimmed the top of the health care issue. The Baby Boomers are now entering the period of escalating health care needs and therefore, costs. However, as illegal, legal, and refugee numbers grow exponentially (as depicted in Figures 4 and 5), our health care systems in lockstep are increasingly using resources meant for citizens to fund assistance to the foreign born. Which will it be: let Minnesota’s Boomers suffer under increasingly poor health care or continue to fund illegal and legal immigrants and refugees with money the Boomers and other citizens desperately need for their care? It is a zero-sum game of consequences. Either Minnesota (and the U.S.) deals with mass immigration and deports all illegal aliens or the health-care system designed for citizens will collapse.

    TB - Tuberculosis

Not mentioned in the state study was an almost unbelievable medical fact few Minnesotans understand. The study only alluded to the 10,000 illegal aliens trespassing the U.S. border (and into Minnesota!), daily and the lengthening list of deadly diseases they carry. The potential number of disease carriers is enormous and the social and economic consequences are mind-boggling. In addition, the terrorist implications are obvious and scary.

Dr. Cosman states that “many illegal aliens harbor fatal diseases that American medicine fought and vanquished long ago, such as drug-resistant tuberculosis, malaria, leprosy, plague, polio, dengue, and Chagas disease.”at5

News item: Eight police officers tested positive for tuberculosis in Austin, Minnesota. The Austin policemen were exposed while arresting illegal aliens. Olmsted County, Minnesota is an excellent example of immigration related disease developments. In a 2004 Mayo Clinic study of the county, nearly all of the TB cases were seen in immigrants —primarily Somalis. Moreover, the incidence of tuberculosis increased notably and was evident almost exclusively among foreign-born persons, primarily those from Somalia. All of the drug-resistant cases were immigrants.8 The frontline of the incidence of the disease wars are the people with public contact; police, health care workers, teachers, daycare centers, retail sales workers, even pastors and rabbis are likely to be first contacts and transmission agents. Because of their likelihood for contacting infected aliens, the ones society depends on for help and services are also likely carrier sources of various plagues.

TB, especially the multidrug-resistant variety known as MDR-TB, is well established in California and almost always found in its foreign-born population. TB enclaves are also well established in numerous communities bordering the southwestern U.S. The MDR-TB is well known by the health care industry and widely seen Minnesota. Treating it can wreck havoc on local health care facilities including county hospitals. The 18-24 month cost to treat MDR-TB is up to $1.2 million per patient. In California, 84% of MDR-TB patients were foreign born, from Mexico or the Philippines and are twice as likely to transmit the disease to others. Most of the patients arrived recently, less than five years in residence. The TB numbers are increasing with immigration; almost 15,000 cases reported in the U.S in 2004, most of them foreign-born. Prior to the breakdown of our borders, TB was rare in the U.S. and drug resistant varieties almost nonexistent.9

    Minneapolis Startribune and TB Reporting

Reporting by the Minneapolis Startribune is mentioned in several parts of this paper. Not surprising to its readers, how this newspaper responded to the report of TB in Minnesota is both shocking and alarming. On March 23, 2001, the Minneapolis Startribune published an editorial in response to the reporting of a study documenting the increase in virulent forms of tuberculosis in Minnesota.10 True enough, they noted the increase was “largely because of the state’s swelling immigrant population.” However, in what appears to be a transparent attack on the current administration, the editors exclaimed that cutting government funding of overseas health organizations was the cause. Then they offered another scrap of nonsense opinion saying that “cracking down on immigration is no answer” essentially because this is a land of immigrants.

In a March 30, 2005 letter to the editor, I wrote about the Minnesota report, “when 82% of TB cases are to foreign born, that’s a serious immigration problem. When antibiotic resistant cases rise to 26% of all TB cases that’s really scary.” Then posed the question, “why are Minnesotans being subjected to this onslaught?” The short of it was that the Startribune editors blamed Americans —and Minnesotans— for TB because we want our borders controlled. I am certain the reader is now as enraged as I was. Literally, the editors of the Startribune are willing to sacrifice our children (and you and me!) for their open borders political viewpoints. I concluded my unpublished letter to the editor stating, “the obvious solution is to stop immigration, refugees, and asylees from arriving without thorough medical screening and because so many diseased illegal aliens are sneaking into Minnesota, the State must stop this invasion and see that they are promptly deported.” That is common sense to everyone but the Startribune and the mass immigration industry.

Others took notice of the seemingly anti-American thinking. ProjectUSA, an organization supporting a moderate and democratic immigration policy, ridiculed the paper’s position.11 ProjectUSA is the group that puts up billboards in selected congressional districts. Frequently a billboard will merely state a Census fact regarding U.S. population growth and immigration.

In response to the Startribune editorial, ProjectUSA’s Ezine (electronic magazine) wrote a reply titled, “Americans deserve tuberculosis says Startribune.” The response published on their website and posted elsewhere, ProjectUSA said, “‘America is a land of immigrants’ is as meaningless as it is untrue. Yet somehow those six words had acquired the power to stand in as the argument justifying a policy that could and was killing Americans. Remarkable! We pointed out the meaninglessness of the phrase ‘we are a nation of immigrants’ and mocked the paper for relying on a meaningless absurdity to formulate a public policy that was killing Americans.”

ProjectUSA stated that, “one editor at the Startribune, Jim Boyd, accused us of ‘distortion,’ and ‘dared’ us to publish the entire Star-Tribune editorial.” ProjectUSA was happy to publish it. And to include ProjectUSA’s comments as well. Not accustomed to openness and criticism, soon after, the “editorial page editor, Susan Albright, asked us to remove our Ezine, which we did not.” In concluding their comments regarding the Startribune’s writing, ProjectUSA said that, “all-in-all, an informative dust-up, blaming the United States for a global TB epidemic, and suggesting that because of this we can’t ‘crack down on immigration’ to protect U.S. citizens, the Star-Tribune is essentially saying Americans deserve a government policy that exposes us to a dangerous health risk.”

    Leprosy (Hansen's disease)

The question, “are illegals making the U.S. a leper colony?” is not a rhetorical one.

Evoking thoughts of medieval times, Leprosy is a terrible and contagious skin disease. The disease remains highly contagious until treated. In the U.S. —and now entrenched in Minnesota— the number of infected persons has increased from a rare disease prior to 1990, to, doubling each year since 2000, in the last three years to more than 7,000 – 8,000 cases. Arizona Representative J.D. Hayworth, states, “diseases long eradicated in this country —tuberculosis, leprosy, polio— and other extremely contagious diseases have been linked directly to illegals.12

Negatively impacting the American health care system and potentially spreading contagion, many legal and illegal aliens come to the U.S. specifically to obtain treatment. Several of the direct health care costs of treatments are reflected in the Minnesota costs study but not the more important disease potential. The point is that these are direct costs of illegal aliens using funds meant to provide healthcare for Minnesotans. These costs are completely avoidable by simply enforcing existing immigration laws. Moreover, neither the considerable growth nor the immeasurably greater costs of a probable epidemic are included in the state study.

    Rare Diseases Now Frequent

Hepatitis A, salmonellosis, dysentery, and cholera are frequent companions. Leprosy and drug resistant Tuberculosis are spreading.

Other “newcomer” diseases include Kawasaki disease, affecting young children, frequently Asians. This disease is readily treated if diagnosed early, but can be fatal if not. Chagas disease is more affectionately known as the “kissing bug disease” because the agent bug prefers to bite the lips and face. The parasite, Trypanosoma cruzi, every year infects 18 million people in Central and South America, with 50,000 deaths. Of some concern, the disease is also infiltrating America’s blood supply.at5

The Sin Nombre (no name) virus, also called Four Corners Virus or Muerto (dead) Canyon Virus, a species of Hantavirus emerged in the Southwestern U.S. in 1995. It causes a serious, often fatal pulmonary illness in humans carried by deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) and pinyon mice (P. truei), introduced in 2002. Introduced in 1994, the La Crosse virus is a serotype of the species California encephalitis virus causing a human brain infection, Meningoencephalitis. The agent most responsible for California encephalitis is the most prevalent mosquito-borne disease recognized in the United States. Now endemic to the Midwestern states, it affects 5-10 year old children. Mimicking the flu, it produces a fever, vomiting, headache and then seizures. Introduced in 1991 the Encephalitis Virus, St. Louis is a Japanese encephalitis virus that is the agent of the St. Louis encephalitis in the United States, the Caribbean, and Central and South America. Encephalitis Virus, Eastern Equine virus introduced in 1991, infects horses with mortality of about 90% and up to 80% in humans. The virus now ranges along the Atlantic seaboard of the United States and Canada and as far south as the Caribbean, Mexico, and parts of Central and South America.13

Previously eradicated in U.S. pork is the spreading tapeworm disease of children called neurocysticercosis. It is caused by the parasite Taenia solium. The eggs may lie dormant in children for several years before entering the nightmare phase. All pork tapeworm cases in the U.S. originated outside the country. A frightening illustration of the consequences of illegal immigration is evident in one study where 41 of 61 patients were from Mexico.14 New Castle disease is imported into the U.S. by illegal aliens in their fighting roosters. It is an untreatable bird-flu with 100% mortality (note this is not the source of the Avian Flu H5N1 —at least not yet). Killing entire roosts and easily transmitted, chickens are very susceptible, other fowl less so. It is endemic in many countries of Asia, the Middle East, Africa, and Central and South America.15

A note on Avian Flu (H5N1, Bird Flu). It has evidently now made the jump from chickens to humans in Turkey and two nearby countries —a portent of trials to come. It is likely chickens in Mexico will be infected when next Fall’s bird migrations begin by southbound migratory birds after having contracted the disease with birds of Europe in Canada and Greenland. There is only a slight chance of it occurring in the Spring of 2006. If the incubation period was short there were would be less probability of legal and illegal immigrants carrying it into the U.S. However, reports are that the incubation period is from 2 to 8 days and possibly as long as 17 days. Thus, there is more than adequate time not to show symptoms yet be infected and to travel anywhere in the U.S. Unless current and stronger immigration laws are not immediately enforced, a Bird Flu or similar, epidemic carried across the U.S. on the back of its immigration policy is unavoidable. Screening of air passengers will have little benefit. One hopes that when it mutates to infect humans its effects will be no more than the common cold.

Some legal and illegal immigrants raise chickens, rabbits, and other animals in their backyards, often in urban settings. This is frequently prohibited by city ordinance, but often overlooked for “diversity” reasons. Neighbor complaints are given scant attention. However, the entire community is at high risk of a fast acting and possibly lethal local epidemic.

Pet lovers and PETA also beware. Their pets may also be infected with usual or unusual diseases or be disease carriers and transmit the diseases to your pets, domestic animals, or to humans.

The potential financial costs, losses to the economy and human losses are difficult to comprehend. Consider the Mexican shantytowns, Colonias (Spanish, “new neighborhoods”), on the U.S. side of the border.at15 In 1985, they held 185,000 people, by 1995, it was 500,000, and by 2000, one million. How many Minnesotans know of these Mexican shantytowns on U.S. soil and that unless border entry practices are not immediately changed, estimates are that by 2020 they will number 20 million people. Unless policies are not immediately changed, there will be several disease incubators festering areas in the U.S., each one almost the size of Mexico City today. The larger and more dense the U.S. and Minnesota population grows, the easier for diseases to spread. Heading for the Midwest: pandemics-in-waiting.

Suggesting the power of the illegal immigration industry, rather than correcting the Colonias problem, the state of Texas is exacerbating the situation by constructing 25 “help centers” in affected counties and a comprehensive northbound transportation infrastructure connecting Mexico.16 There are numerous bridges built and under constructed under the ruse of national security. Disease impacts are not a consideration. Mentioned previously as the fastest truck crossing point on the Texas - Mexico Border, The Free Trade Bridge at Los Indios, is more dependable than bird transmission and also the fastest transportation corridor for northbound diseases.17

With between 5,000 and 15,000 more illegal aliens in Minnesota every year, Mexican Colonias and their pockets of poverty, potential for disease, and crime are beginning to be very noticeable in Minnesota, e.g., 7th Street in St. Paul and East Lake Street in Minneapolis —and one crucial reason for the Minnesota study!

It is clear that the U.S. and Minnesota are on the threshold of a serious epidemic. SARS, Bird Flu, and so forth, will spread rapidly as tens and hundreds of thousands of illegal alien, refugees and legal immigrant carriers find their way throughout U.S. Daycare homes, going to a movie or restaurant, or even attending the theatre or a sports event is becoming a high-risk third-world disease event. The disease potential forced on our schools and children by the immigration industry needs to be reversed. Sickness will spread throughout the country before any alert is possible and efforts to stop it will be ineffective. Illegal aliens must immediately be removed from schools and the public service economy. Although the state and educators are fully aware of the risk potential they chose to ignore the principal driver of illegal and legal immigration and refugees.


The Minnesota study stated nationally there were about five million children of either illegal aliens or whose parents are illegal aliens. In Minnesota the number in K-12 schools was approximately 18,500 (and likely higher) costing state taxpayers approximately $155 million per year. Nationally, in 2004 the federal subsidy to educate illegal alien children was $1.4 billion.1 As indicated in the state study and in the population trends in the first section of this paper, the numbers and costs are increasing exponentially. At the college level, Minnesota has approximately 3,000 illegal alien students, equivalent to several small colleges. However, state cost subsidies were not given. If the $9,000 cost per college student found in California represents the cost in Minnesota, then the annual Minnesota taxpayer bill is approximately $2.7 million for illegal aliens.

Stated previously, the Minnesota study indicated there were 85,000 illegal aliens in Minnesota2 and “skyrocketing” was the term used in the state study to describe the rate of increase.

With the exception of the most recent year, student enrollments track this trend. There appears to be a substantial error and understatement of costs in Study Table 12 (p10), however. As the population graphs clearly illustrate, the 25,000 four-year increase ending 2004 implies an average statewide increase of approximately 6,500 per year. Because the rate is increasing, the implication is that the 6,500 average overstates the year 2000 by 2-3,000 illegal students and similarly understates 2004. The McKnight Foundation cited in the study concludes that 13,000 legal immigrants are now entering Minnesota each year.3 In order to determine the full costs to Minnesota, both legal and illegal immigration should be considered. Table 12 shows an illegal alien student increase of 24.7% in 2002 (2,301 students), 32.7% in 2003 (3,800 students), but only 5.3% in 2004 (818 students). The illegal alien population trend suggests an increase in the 5,000 range rather than just over 800.

An interesting event occurred in the first month of 2006. Illegal immigration supporters in Massachusetts thought the 87% Democrat legislature meant a slam-dunk for passing in-state tuition rates for illegal aliens when attending public colleges (H-1230). However, the 54 co-sponsors were highly embarrassed that they could only muster 3 more votes in their resounding defeat, a crushing 96 to 57 vote. Probably close to the Minnesota average, perhaps the taxpayer-funded loss of nearly $9,000 per illegal alien had something to do with its failure. However, Mac Johnson wrote the overarching reason was public anger. He wrote, “the canary in the illegal immigration mine just died. When enough people speak, even politicians begin to get it.” Minnesotans likewise are, “sick of citizenship being treated as some sort of anachronistic technicality ... of politicians believing they can do anything to get one more vote from illegal interest groups ... or that the citizens they are supposed to serve will never do anything about it ... and sick of working by the rules everyday under the burden of heavy taxation and regulation just to see their money frittered away on the undeserving —while opportunities for their own children are threatened.” Aware of how damaging this “silly, corrupt bill” would be to their state and their own children, voters bombarded their representatives with calls.4 Although of enormous local consequence, it is unlikely it will be reported. Similar legislation was tabled in the two previous Minnesota Legislative Sessions —with good reason.

    Teachers at Risk

Discussed in safe places only, are the effects on teachers. School administrators screen teacher candidates for their “dispositive” attributes —a correct disposition toward such issues as “diversity”, immigration, and the idea of the “progressive functions” of education— while secondary qualifications are actual teaching credentials and subject knowledge. Holding a teaching position appears to be equally politicized. For example, Ezola Foster, a Black American educator spoke out about how Black student programs are diverted to illegal alien and other immigrants. As a result, she was assaulted by coworkers. In another example, a Black teacher in San Francisco Public Schools lost her job because she didn't speak the language of immigrant students.5

An outrageous example of how schools across the country are abused is the Brooklyn Center Junior/Senior High School north of Minneapolis. When Muslims have religious events, the school closes the dressing rooms adjacent to the auditorium used for student choirs, bands, and plays and converts them into Muslim prayer rooms complete with appropriate ceremonial objects. The auditorium is out of the way at one end of the school building so student traffic is minimal. However, those involved in school plays are limited to using the hallways or distant schoolrooms to conduct their school plays, concerts, and band preparations. In the school’s highly intimidating environment, no doubt if a student spoke out against this misuse, the school would expel the student. Finally, a disabled Black father from Oakland sued his son’s school because his son was forced into foreign-language public school classes because no seats were available in English-speaking classrooms. He lost the lawsuit, thus the school system forced the low caliber of education the immigrants would have had on his American son.at5

    Education Cost Increases Solely due to Legal and Illegal Immigration

The most startling statement that could have been made in the state report was not even hinted at,

    Immigration accounts for virtually all of the national increase in public school enrollment
     over the last two decades.

Steven A. Camarota, December 20056[Emphasis added]

That statement suggests that all the associated costs of providing additional education, infrastructure, talent, and school taxes for more than two decades has been borne by U.S. and Minnesota parents and intended for their own children; but provided to foreigners.

Minnesotans and the American public have little understanding of the soaring magnitude of immigration’s cost on Minnesota and U.S. schools and our children. The state study said this region is a “high growth” area for illegal aliens. Minnesota has rapidly increased from an incidental to a destination state, now ranked the #12 destination state. The overwhelming numbers nationally mean that immigrants account for one of five K-12 children, one of four of those in poverty, and one of three residents lacking health insurance. The cost to Americans is enormous.at6 The costs of that growth —the direct costs pale in comparison— were not included in the state study. Rather than sending foreign aid money, the immigration industry coerces the U.S. into receiving a nearly unlimited number of legal and illegal immigrants and “refugees”. The result is that the nation’s systems of education has been the medium used to educate foreigners, and less and less to educate American kids.

The implication is that nationally, all new schools and increases in systems of education has been for foreigners. The statement only suggests the staggering taxpayer costs —the $1.4 billion figure was only direct costs— and applies to Minnesota as it does nationally. Even if steps are taken now to stop illegal immigration, and deport those now here, there is strong fertility momentum continuing the shifting of funds from American kids to foreign-based kids. For example, Mexican immigrants average 3.5 children —with their numbers rapidly increasing— with the birth rate of all illegal alien women at about 3.1 in 2002, or 280,000 births, prospective students, in 2002. The implication is for a potentially guaranteed ever-increasing number of new schools and education costs. In 2007, the equivalent of approximately ten Minnesota schools will be needed to educate the children of illegal aliens born in 2002 alone.7

It is critically important to note that this is not inevitable; it is government policy and can be rapidly changed. Also important to Americans, is that most of the funding is from money intended for American students paid by American taxpayers. Dr. Steven Camarota, Director of Research for the Center for Immigration Studies, writes about the issue, “whatever one thinks of contemporary immigration, it is criti­cally important to understand that its effect on America represents a choice.8 If this flow is not stopped and illegal aliens not deported, the consequence will be a catastrophic collapse in systems of education and healthcare in the near future —the California example.

    The Dumbing Down of our Schools

School curricula and practices have been prime targets of the immigration industry and allies because they understand a nation’s culture and the process of assimilation —the making of an American— centers on systems of education. In great measure, the failure of Minnesota schools due to legal and illegal immigration has been poor assimilation and stripping away of social cohesion, i.e., the Balkanization of society.9 The social fabric has been coming apart since the 1965 immigration act and subsequent laws were implemented.10

The state study quantified a number of costs of educating illegals. There are at least two consequences of more importance, the dumbing down of education and the assault on the American Culture and language using schools. Frequently they are part and parcel of a single program. In becoming an American, however, an immigrant swears allegiance to the U.S. and disavows any allegiance to the former homeland. It does not mean the previous cultural practices are not proudly practiced, only that they are a private, not public, practice.

Dumbing down schools has taken the well recognized approach of grade inflation and giving students passing marks when not earned. It also implies the use of textbooks with bland or even adverse discussions of important matters and frequently written at grade levels below the student’s grade. The process is implemented with an emphasis on “group think” and work rather than individual performance. Teachers often train their students to the test rather than present the core curricula, and expand schoolroom “diversity” considerations. On the other hand, downplaying or even attacking the American Culture is apparent. The dumbing down of education to immigration levels is quantifiable, clearly evident in any number of studies, and experienced by company hiring, i.e., lack of skills. These are serious costs not included in the state study.11

A topic not directly mentioned as costs in the Minnesota illegals study are the high prices paid for heartfelt but wrongheaded programs as English as a second language (ESL), “no Child Left Behind”, insistence on class topic “relevance” and “diversity” of instructional materials.  The new proposal of lengthening the school year has at its core, massive immigration. This would include the large numbers of mischaracterized “refugees” overwhelming school systems. With 78% of Minnesota immigrants speaking a language other than English at home, the immigration experiment is overwhelming education systems.12 An immigrant must demonstrate a minimum understanding of spoken English to become a citizen. That many do not reflects the fact that many legal and illegal immigrants do not want to become Americans, learn English and assimilate American culture. The system sends American students mixed messages about themselves in their own country. It also implies social frictions in schools that carry through to the greater society.

Because English is the language of Americans, science, technology, international trade and commerce, if one is to be successful, fluency in English is essential.

Does the reader remember “Spanglish”? Attempted a couple of decades ago, it was a bizarre combination of Spanish and English intended to transition Spanish speakers to English and English speakers to better understand Spanish speakers. It was nonsense. Yet, the immigration industry and multiculturalists were excited. Perhaps, one underlying reason was that it traveled the road leading the way from the American Culture.

Bilingual education programs meant teaching children in Spanish first, for example, and then English. The process literally locked students in classes based on language. In effect, it meant Hispanic or whatever the student’s culture, was maintained, essentially preventing assimilation. It also led to high dropout rates. In so doing, it sealed their economic and cultural doom and helped create a growing and resentful underclass. The costs are only minimally included in the Minnesota study —in gang and crime statistics and healthcare costs for example.

The bottom line of education costs is that the Minnesota and U.S. systems of education misplaced the two fundamental educational values of purpose and integrity. School administrators and teachers have embedded and defend illegal immigration’s criminal behavior and neglect the awesome negative social, environmental, and economic consequences in their curricula and practices. Despite the clever slogans, multiculturalism is the opposite of “tolerance”, students and employees are forced to accept the culture of separate immigrant groups. Clearly, it is these groups that should be completely caught up in the assimilation process with co-workers. Sadly, an American student who represents the citizen’s point of view who speaks out in class is confronted by the teacher and school administrator and subject to expulsion. Likewise, in the workplace an employee is subjected to “diversity training”, a form of thought control. Often, if an American worker complains, their work record is inappropriately characterized by employers and subject to dismissal.

Crime & Sanctuary Cities:  Minneapolis & St. Paul

Only concerned with terrorists —and unable to acknowledge the hypocrisy— ICE now literally encourages illegal immigration. Crimes of all sorts are committed by legal and illegal immigrants (in addition to the crime of trespassing). For many types of crimes these criminals will certainly go to a safe-harbor, a sanctuary city where the police and other authorities cannot ask immigration questions. If a murder or capital offense (any serious crime) is committed the person will likely flee to Mexico. In short order, the same person can then illegally re-cross the border with a complete set of new fake IDs (or purchased on Lake Street?), take a job intended for an American in or near a sanctuary city and probably commit another crime. The cycle can repeat —and the illegal simply move from one sanctuary city to another.

“Sanctuary laws are a testament to the political power of immigrant lobbies” writes Heather Mac Donald in her study of crime, illegal aliens, and law enforcement.13 Weak law enforcement extends to the judicial system. The former head of the INS (ICE) anti-corruption unit at the San Ysidro, (near San Diego) California border crossing received a mere three years probation for lying to an FBI agent investigating a smuggling ring. She lied to protect a border inspector smuggling drugs and illegal aliens. Although the crimes were heinous and likely produced additional crimes, the guilty inspector received only a 4½ year prison sentence.14

The illegal alien sanctuary policy of Minneapolis and St. Paul (Richfield is considering becoming a sanctuary city) implies potentially staggering increases in criminal activities in the area. They will be able to obtain fake and foreign ID cards that local jurisdictions are encouraging illegal aliens to obtain and use, including the Matricula Card granted by the Matricula Consular office in the CLUES office in St. Paul.15 Reflecting the power of the immigration industry, the state of Maine has declared the state an illegal alien sanctuary. The state, like Minneapolis and St. Paul and New York and Denver before them, will soon understand the snake oil IDs have catastrophic consequences. For one illustration, three illegal aliens used false Social Security numbers and then used fake driver's licenses to be hired at a nuclear generating plant.16

Frosty Wooldridge relates an all too often repeated event in his home town, the sanctuary city of Denver, Colorado.17

Without a word, he moved behind two off-duty police officers. He pulled his weapon while the officers talked with their backs to Gomez and killed them with execution-style precision. What did all these illegal aliens enjoy in common? They lived and operated in Sanctuary Cities Denver and Boulder, Colorado. Police had arrested them over two dozen times among the three of them. No matter how many times they had been arrested, all three men were cut loose and never reported for being illegally living and working in our country.

Humberto Garcia of Austin, Texas tells a heart rendering story, heart rendering because of its details and that had police and immigration authorities done their jobs, and sanctuary cities not existed, it never would had happened. His story is what lies in store for Minnesotans if the immigration industry and allies have their way. He tells of his beautiful young daughter, found in their own home naked, hands tied behind her back, cloth stuffed in her mouth covered with duct tape, raped, and a butcher knife protruding from her chest. He also relates that 20-year-old David Diaz Morales had been arrested before —on child molestation charges— and that he was known to be in the United States illegally.18

Claiming it would “terrorize people”, while mayor of New York, Rudolph Giuliani sued all the way to the Supreme Court to defend the city’s sanctuary policy against a 1996 federal law that cities could not prohibit their employees from cooperating with the ICE (INS). Fighting all the way and losing, Heather Mac Donald wrote “he remained defiant to the end. On September 5, 2001, his handpicked charter-revision committee ruled that New York could still require that its employees keep immigration information confidential to preserve trust between immigrants and government.” Six days later Giuliani protected illegal aliens in New York City accomplished what is known as 911. New York also forgot the same federal ban on sanctuary laws until a gang of five Mexicans —four of them illegal aliens— kidnapped and brutally raped a 42-year-old mother of two. In this sanctuary city, the police had arrested three of the illegal aliens numerous times for such crimes as assault, attempted robbery, criminal trespass, illegal gun possession, and drug offenses. Unable to take the common sense and legally necessary actions, the New York police never notified ICE (INS).19

The Minnesota illegal aliens study said the cost of incarceration, net of federal reimbursements, was $13 million in 2005. Consistent with the ratcheting numbers of illegal aliens in Minnesota (Figure 5), incarceration costs are increasing between 20% and 30% per year.20

Consistent with Minnesota’s costs of $27,000 - $32,000 per prisoner per year, Arizona’s much larger illegal alien inmate population cost taxpayers more than $28,000 every day. Interestingly, in response to the immigration caused crisis, Arizona’s Governor Janet Napolitano is sending a bill to U.S. Attorney General Alberto Gonzalez requesting reimbursement for more than $118 million in costs over only the past 18 months.21 Perhaps that is one of the reasons Arizona declared an “immigration emergency” in 2005. Arizona was preceded by New Mexico in declaring an emergency. New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson was clear in his explanation stating that border counties have been “devastated” by crimes such as the smuggling of drugs and illegal immigrants.22 The irony is that both Governors have been until just recently, very supportive of mass immigration including illegal aliens. There is a not well-known federal taxpayer financial catch in declaring a state emergency. The declaration means access to $1.5 million in disaster relief funds from the federal government.23

In other words, other states fund programs assisting border states for problems due their unwillingness to control their state immigration policies and borders. Later, the illegal alien will travel to a destination state and city where local citizens pay again and in a variety of ways.

Journalist Frosty Wooldridge writes, “ten million illegal Mexicans use America for their base of operations. They defraud our tax system, welfare, schools and hospitals. Untold numbers of illegals from South America facilitate a $10 billion annual shoplifting crime wave.”24 Ed Rubenstein, an economist writing about the subject concludes “immigrants and car theft correlate strongly”. Auto theft is the second-most lucrative illegal activity in Mexico, after the drugs.25 In a recent Minnesota ICE investigation, members and associates of MS-13, Surenos (SUR-13), Latin Locos, Latin Kings, Vatos Locos, Logan Heights Gang, and the Insane National Vikings gangs were arrested. They were held for assaulting a federal officer, obstructing justice, stabbing, sale of cocaine, and criminal sexual conduct and carjacking. Directly related to the illegal alien sanctuary policies of Minneapolis and St. Paul, two of those arrested had illegally re-entered the U.S. after being previously deported.26

Whether it is the Mafia, MS-13, or the Arellano-Felix Organization, organized crime uses legal and illegal immigration as means of conducting illegal activities —such as widespread shoplifting. In many areas of the country, the Mafia and domestic gangs have been pushed to the sidelines by Latino and Asian gangs. In one recent nation-wide sweep, over 100 Honduran members of MS-13 were arrested. The New York Times wrote, “our porous borders have allowed the infiltration of at least 100,000 ‘criminal’ aliens —and that is only those who belong to organized gangs.”27 Law enforcement and media reports offer varying accounts on the origin of the gang’s name. According to an account in the El Paso Times, mara refers to group, Salva refers to El Salvador and trucha is Spanish slang for “watch out.” MS-13 grew out of the 13th Street gang in Los Angeles.28

The Minnesota illegal alien study documented that 38% of inmates were imprisoned directly for drug related crimes. Indirect drug related costs such as burglary, robbery, assault, and weapons crimes would likely add another approximately 15%.

Figure 16a: MS-13 at Lake Calhoun, Minneapolis

Photo: Dell Erickson

Ironically, U.S. Army trained, “Los Zetas” are used as protectors for illegal immigrants and contraband crossing the border. Like MS-13, they are known for violence —even of cross-border runs into U.S. territory with automatic weapons. Border Patrol agents routinely stop some of them; sadly, several Border Patrol agents have been killed. The sanctuary cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul may be gang headquarters, a cost not considered in the state study.


Figure 16b: MS-13 at Lake Calhoun, Minneapolis

           Photo: Dell Erickson

Organized shoplifting is a serious and costly practice of many illegal aliens as is the practice of smuggling humans for a variety of purposes including drugs and prostitution. The smugglers often receive payment in advance and often continue to blackmail after the illegal alien reaches their U.S. destination. In the relative safety of sanctuary cities, these human crimes are less hindered by lawmakers. Paul Streitz author of Border Breakdown writes,29

Dr. Carol Hand was part of the Minutemen project. She and Ed Kolb, a Cochise County (AZ) resident, took a walk away from Route 90 along Hereford Road leading east. There they found a Rape Tree, with panties hung up in the tree. After the coyotes get the women across the border, safely on U.S. soil, they gang rape them to show they have total control over them. They hang their panties in the trees as signs of the conquest. I couldn’t leave them there. “As a woman, I had to take them down.” If the women are young and pretty, they are kept in houses of prostitution where they have to have their families buy them out or work their way out. Of course, none will testify to this because the coyotes know where they are from and can seek revenge on their families in Mexico.

For a photograph of a “Rape Tree” see the reference.

Drugs are big business for Mexico. Mexico is a conduit for 75% of the cocaine, 70% of the methamphetamines, and 40% of the heroin in the U.S.30 $500 million a year is paid by drug czars bribing Mexican authorities.31 The World Bank estimates that 9.5% of Mexico’s GDP is involved in illegal activities (2004). Ten percent of today’s Mexican GDP implies the actual illicit drug trade is in the $90 billion ballpark. In 1997, the profits of the Latin American - U.S. drug trade being laundered through Mexico was estimated at $10 to $15 billion per year, “a considerable underestimate” states a special money laundering report.32 Overall, the Caribbean region GDP includes $108.7 billion from the drug trade (2001).33

The same will occur in Minneapolis and St. Paul (and Richfield) due to their sanctuary status. Illegal aliens and legal immigrants who have committed crimes are wise to move to the safety of a sanctuary city where they are able to move freely without city authorities asking annoying questions. The same applies to Los Angeles, San Diego, Stockton, New York, Chicago, Miami, Austin, and Houston where no school, “hospital, physician, city employee, or police officer is permitted to report immigration violators.”34

It would not be surprising to learn that Minnesota’s immigration industry contacted Minnesota TV and radio media to influence how they play illegal alien and other immigration stories. For example, in the second half of 2005, all Minnesota TV, radio, and news media appeared to simultaneously stop asking immigration questions and reporting status. Previously the media would offer euphemisms for illegal aliens such as “Mexican national”, “undocumented worker”, and plainly suggesting illegal aliens, “possible violation of immigration laws.” Today, Minnesota media —WCCO-Radio and TV-4, KSTP-Radio and TV-5, KARE-TV-11, PBS, Startribune etc.— have literally converted Minnesota into an illegal alien sanctuary for reporting purposes. Crimes are frequently committed by illegal aliens, people killed, and women raped by illegal aliens but one would never know it from Minnesota media. Oftentimes, if the story involved an immigrant the media goes out of their way to hide the ethnicity and immigration status of the perpetrator, even if a description is available. Like a sanctuary city, no questions are asked, no reporting is made.

Security Issues (Briefly)

It’s not hard to figure out who we are. We’re the guys in the green uniform in the vehicles that say “Border Patrol”. We’re sitting ducks out there.
T.J. Bonner, President of the National Border Patrol Council. January 2006. 35

The terrorist’s soft underbelly of the U.S. is the U.S.-Mexican border. It is a maze of generally unguarded trails and highways leading into the U.S. A recent study of immigration and terrorism between the early 1990s and 2004 stated (excerpt),36

This report covers the immigration histories of 94 terrorists who operated in the United States between the early 1990s and 2004, including six of the September 11th hijackers. Other than the hijackers, almost all of these individuals have been indicted or convicted for their crimes.

The findings show widespread terrorist violations of immigration laws. The report highlights the danger of our lax immigration system, not just in terms of who is allowed in, but also how terrorists, once in the country, used weaknesses in the system to remain here. The report makes clear that strict enforcement of immigration law —at American consulates overseas, at ports of entry, and within the United States— must be an integral part of our efforts to prevent future attacks on U.S. soil.

Reports are that terrorist mastermind Abu Musab al-Zarqawi (from Iraq) is planning or is using, the U.S.-Mexican border trail system to prepare strikes in the U.S. He mentioned a reason was that it would be “easy to infiltrate the US through the southern border”.37 Robert Leiken of the Nixon Center states Muslim immigrant communities in our country who are drawn to radicalism have supported terrorism. The actual violence, however, is either committed overseas or “is committed here by operatives who came from abroad after manipulating our immigration system.”38

Moreover, former Homeland Security Deputy Secretary James Loy called MS-13 an emerging terrorist threat to the United States because MS-13 and al-Qaida may have similar gang operations and interests.39 Echoing this theme, another report stated threats from legal or illegal immigrants is a consequence of current immigration policies. Excluding and removal of non-citizens for promoting anti-American beliefs, i.e., ideological exclusion, will help ensure a cohesive nation and protect the country. James R. Edwards, Jr., states that, “historically such efforts have played this role …but that … with the end of the Cold War, Congress effectively repealed ideological exclusion, meaning that only active terrorists on watch lists could be barred, while those promoting the ideologies of such terrorists would have to be admitted. To end this vulnerability, ideological exclusion should be restored, allowing aliens to be excluded or deported not only for overt acts but also for radical affiliations or advocacy.”40 The central belief in immigration is that the person fully assimilates, wants to be an American and share all our common values.

Evidently a component of the Allyn & Co. and immigration industry plan, rather than effectively controlling the U.S.-Mexico border and removing illegal aliens, the U.S. government has chosen to use its resources to assist Mexico in controlling its drug problem and detection of explosives headed north. The increase of military and police aid to Mexico increased from $16.3 million in 2000 to $57.8 million in 2005. None of the new helicopters given to Mexico since 2001 have been used along the U.S.-Mexican border and almost all of the training has been for Mexican marines and naval officers for counter terrorism work. Of the money provided Mexico by the State Department, none of it is allocated to border security.41 U.S. government immigration malfeasance means the invasion will continue, costs will ratchet higher, and leaves the country increasingly vulnerable, simply waiting for terrorist attacks.


More people means more energy used and more of everything associated with the production, transporting, and consumption of energy. Whatever the problem associated with energy, it cannot be resolved until the U.S. population stops increasing. Since the overwhelming majority of U.S. population growth is from immigration, it implies stopping immigration. The staggering energy costs of illegal (and legal) immigration were not factored into the state illegal alien costs study.

Few Americans are aware that the production of natural gas and oil in the U.S. peaked more than three decades ago. To make up the gap, a relatively small quantity of LNG is imported with the balance, 15% of total U.S. natural gas imports, from Canada. However, Canada’s natural gas production peaked two years ago. The North American natural gas dilemma is deteriorating and is now in crisis. Only mild temperatures have hidden the gravity of the situation. Whether from generation of electricity or home heating, increasing natural gas demand is primarily due to legal and illegal immigration.

It is generally understood that the U.S. imports much of its oil. Of staggering importance, however, the world’s production of oil is now peaking, and soon to begin its irreversible decline.42 Aggravating the dilemma, reserves have been overstated. For example, Exxon and British Petroleum reduced their stated reserves last year and a state report leaked last month concluded Kuwait’s oil official reserves have been reduced by nearly half, from 99 to 48 billion barrels —with 24 billion barrels fully proven reserves. In the same vein, geologists report that Saudi Arabia’s biggest oil fields are not only likely to experience production decreases, but the quality of the crude is decreasing from the “sweet” gasoline class to expensive and difficult to refine sour sulphur crudes.

What develops is what some have called the “Cantarell Effect” after the Mexican Cantarell reservoir.43 The term is used to describe a reservoir that was forced by technological enhancements to exceed its natural production capacity. When this is done, the field’s output is temporarily increased at the cost of reduced long run total production. The large Cantarell Field in Mexico is the model. Its natural peak was delayed by multiple billion dollar nitrogen injections. Nevertheless, because of the forced injections the field peaked several years early and is now in a steep 14% per year production decline. The Cantarell Effect appears to be operating in the sweet crude regions of Kuwait and beginning now in Saudi Arabia’s supergiant Ghawar reservoir.

California was cited earlier regarding immigration, poverty and declining incomes. There is more. The energy dilemmas experienced by California are now spreading across the entire country. Electricity brownouts and rolling blackouts, much higher energy prices, and the construction of more expensive generating power plants are due primarily from immigration. Prior to the 1970s, changes in immigration policies, U.S. population growth was slow and slowing. The lower trendlines in Figures 4 and 5 also represent changes in energy consumption without large-scale immigration. The upper trendlines represent the increases due to immigration. The low trendlines meant that reductions in greenhouse gas emissions from the application of better technologies and conservation would have met or exceeded (lower) the Kyoto protocols. Immigration changes are the only down-to-earth reason for the increases in U.S. greenhouse gases over the last thirty years and the only reason the U.S. and Canada and Australia cannot meet the Kyoto Protocols. California is a striking illustration. Although Californians have been leaders in conservation —electricity consumption per capita is at the same level it was twenty years ago— the total amount of energy consumed and its serious consequences have multiplied from large-scale legal and illegal immigration.44

In brief, U.S. and Minnesota natural gas requires emergency action at this time and looming oil problems are rushing forward —at the same time. The implications are twofold: higher prices and declining supply. How many people, immigration, are in Minnesota and the nation will determine the magnitude and severity of the energy shortages. Petroscientists Michael Hodges and Jean Laherrère describe the U.S. situation grimly: “the U.S. appears to be facing very, very serious energy supply challenges regarding oil and natural gas into the future.45


In 1997, Jason DinAlt studied the issues and wrote a well-researched and readable essay regarding the environmental impact of immigration on the United States. “Of course,” he wrote, “no ecosystem can survive unending population growth”. Immigration has far-reaching effects on American society. The positive effects are promoted; the negative effects are rarely discussed and often deliberately ignored. “A strong taboo is at work here,” he writes. Of astounding importance, he states, “recent U.S. immigration policies were created with little consideration for their adverse impact upon America and no consideration for their environmental consequences.” Today, he continues, the U.S. has already exceeded its long-term carrying capacity for many resources. He then cites several examples: pollution, energy consumption and CO2 production (the primary greenhouse gas), rates of resource depletion, freshwater exceeding recharge rates, millions of acres of deforestation, scarce natural gas use for fertilizers and energy production, and quantities of pesticides applied.46

The U.S. and Minnesota population graphs illustrated in the early pages of this paper (Figures 4 and 5) suggests the awesome environmental impacts. Mentioned in the “Energy” section were increases in air pollution and the Kyoto Protocols. Virtually all dilemmas associated with growth are represented by the high trendlines. The difference between the lower and upper trendlines visually depicts the environmental losses and the costs of protection, or remediation, if possible. The opportunity losses associated with the gap is discussed in the landmark book by demographer Dr. Leon Bouvier and environment and population expert, Lindsey Grant, “How Many Americans”. Echoing the 1972 President’s Commission on Population Growth and the American Future, they write about the advantages of a smaller population for resource use, the environment, and reducing social, culture and demographic problems. They conclude from an environmental, economic, and social perspective the failure to implement the recommendations of the President’s Commission was a “colossal and tragic failure of foresight”.47

Bouvier and Grant mention the Endangered Species Act , saying it helps protect the species humans can see and identify with but not the microbes or simple plants fundamental to survival. Obviously, as human populations grow they require habitat to reside in and for resources. Each increment of humans reduces ecosystems essential to our survival. Healthy habitats are rapidly diminishing.

The goal was to achieve a U.S. population of approximately 150 million at the year 2100. That population projection assumed current fertility (about 1.5), negligible illegal immigration but includes net legal immigration of 200,000 annually. Note the similarity with the population stability projection by Dr. B. Meredith Burke in the section discussing population projections. These essentially traditional-based assumptions would have implied a U.S. population growing until 2035 – 2040 at approximately 298 million then beginning a gentle decline to slightly more than 193 million. A zero immigration policy would have meant a still distressing U.S. population of approximately 165 million at 2100. Heading pell-mell toward a billion, at approximately 300 million already, the U.S. is 35 years ahead of Dr. Bouvier’s considered necessary projection. The environmental assaults are seen everywhere.

Jason DinAlt concludes,

It is extraordinarily foolish for us to NOT optimize our immigration policy so as to improve life in America and the world in general. It is astonishing for us living in a country flirting with financial and social collapse, a country with rampant unemployment and homelessness, a country whose ecosystems are under severe stress, a country that is arguably the most overpopulated country on Earth to continue to admit immigrants who place an immediate, large and destructive drain upon our future.at46

Voting Records of the Minnesota Federal Delegation & Environmental Organizations48*

Table 2: Voting Records of the Minnesota Federal Delegation

Senator Norm Coleman


Senator Mark Dayton


District 1,  Gil Gutknecht


District 2,  John Kline


District 3,  Jim Ramstad


District 4,  Betty McCollum


District 5,  Martin Sabo


District 6,  Mark Kennedy


District 7,  Collin Peterson


District 8,  James Oberstar


1. Career votes/ recent votes.

U.S. Population Grades of Major U.S. Environmental Organizations48**

Sierra Club




National Wildlife Federation


Izaak Walton League


Wilderness Society




In the early to mid 1990s, all major environmental organizations suddenly ceased all practices stopping U.S. population growth or integrating the U.S. population with its environmental consequences. The Sierra Club is a case in point. It eliminated its U.S. population committee and issued a gag order to members regarding immigration. Explaining the anti-environmental position was a more than $100 million donation from Minnesota native, David Gelbaum. The condition was that immigration not be a Sierra Club matter —that meant no mention of U.S. population growth.49 Now promoting growth, environmental organizations redirect the focus from U.S. population to “consumption” and the oxymoronic “smart growth”.

What Needs to be Done?50

See the state study  "The Impact of Illegal Immigration on Minnesota" here.
Download a .pdf file (825k) of this paper here.

Return to:  Part I, Part II

Continue to:  Endnotes
* Used with permission of Dell Erickson.