Minnesotans For Sustainability©
Sustainable Society: A society that balances the environment, other life forms, and human interactions over an indefinite time period.
Population And The American Future
John D. Rockefeller 3rd,
Appleman, Jack, William P. Butz, David H. Greenberg, Paul
L. Jordan, and Anthony H. Pascal
Ayres, Robert U., and Ivars Gutmanis
Bahl, Roy W., Jr.
Beale, Calvin L.
Berry, Brian J. L.
Bollinger, W. LaMar
Bradshaw, Benjamin S.
Cain, Glen G.
Callahan, Daniel, ed.
Carr, A. Barry, and David W. Culver
Christmas, Lawrence Barroll
Cicchetti, Charles J.
Coale, Ansley J.
Danielson, Michael N.
David, Henry P.
Davidson, Roger H.
Day, Lincoln H.
Drury, Robert F.
Ehrlich, Paul R.
Elazar, Daniel J.
Fischman, Leonard L.
Fortney, Judith A.
Freedman, Jonathan L.
Fuguitt, Glen V.
Gold, Neil M.
Grumm, John G.
Hansen, Niles M.
Hetrick, Carl C., A. E. Keir Nash, and Alan J. Wyner
Howard, John A., and Donald R. Lehman
Irwin, Richard, and Robert Warren
Jaffe, Frederick S.
Johnston, Denis F.
Jones, Elise F., and Charles F. Westoff
Kantner, John F., and Melvin Zelnik
Keely, Charles B.
Kelley, Allen C.
Kitagawa, Evelyn M.
Leven, Charles L.
Manvel, Allen 0.
McGrath, Dorn C., Jr.
Menken, Jane A.
Miller, Arthur S.
Mills, Edwin S.
Morrison, Peter A.
Morss, Elliott R., and Susan McIntosh
Murray, Edward E., and Ned Hege
Noonan, John T., Jr., and Mary Cynthia Dunlap
North, Robert C.
Oppenheimer, Valerie Kincade
Organski, A. F. K., and Alan Lamborn
Phelps, Edmund S.
Pickard, Jerome P.
Pilpel, Harriet F.
Piotrow, Phyllis T.
Presser, Harriet B.
Preston, Samuel H.
Reed, Ritchie H., and Susan McIntosh
Ridker, Ronald G.
Ridley, Jeanne Clare
Rindfuss, Ronald R.
Rundquist, Barry S., P. G. Bock, Anthony M. Champagne, and
Karl F. Johnson
Ryder, Norman B.
Ryder, Norman B., and Charles F. Westoff
Smith, Frank Austin
Smith, Frederick J.
Spengler, Joseph J.
Taeuber, Irene B.
Teitelbaum, Michael S.
Tietze, Christopher, M.D.
Vines, Kenneth N.
James E. Allen
Calvin L. Beale
Benjamin S. Bradshaw
Benjamin Branch, M.D.
William D. Carey
Lenora T. Cartright
Robert Lee Chartrand
Ansley J. Coale
Michael N. Danielson
Robert G. Dixon, Jr.
Edwin 0. Driver
Robert F. Drury
Richard A. Easterlin
Paul R. Ehrlich
Edward J. Ennis
Cynthia Fuchs Epstein
Joseph L. Fisher
Judith A. Fortney
Naomi T. Gray
Robert E. Hall, M.D.
Niles M. Hansen
Philip M. Hauser
Edgar M. Hoover
John A. Howard
Frederick S. Jaffe
John F. Kain
Allen C. Kelley
Donald R. Lehman
Seymour Martin Lipset
Allen D. Manvel
Donald R. Matthews
Donald N. Michael
Arthur S. Miller
Edwin S. Mills
Peter A. Morrison
Frank W. Notestein
A.F. K. Organski
Edmund S. Phelps
Jerome P. Pickard
Harriet F. Pilpel
Ronald J. Pion, M.D.
James W. Prothro
Ronald G. Ridker
Randall B. Ripley
Warren C. Robinson
Norman B. Ryder
Sheldon J. Segal
M. Brewster Smith
Robert G. Smith
Frank J. Sorauf
Joseph J. Spengler
J. Mayone Stycos
James L. Sundquist
Irene B. Taeuber
Michael S. Teitelbaum
Vaida D. Thompson
Christopher Tietze, M.D.
Ben J. Wattenberg
Charles V. Willie
Robert C. Wood
Institute of Society, Ethics and the Life Sciences, Hastings-on-Hudson, New York
Opinion Research Corporation, Princeton, New Jersey
RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California
Resources for the Future, Inc., Washington, D.C.
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Washington, D.C.
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C.
U.S. Department of Commerce, Office of Business Economics, Washington, D.C.
U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Washington, D.C.
ULI— The Urban Land Institute, Washington, D. C.
Participants in Public
Washington, D. C., April 14-15, 1971
The Hon. Donald Rumsfeld, Counsellor to President Richard M. Nixon
The Hon. John G. Veneman, Under Secretary, U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare
Gooloo Wunderlich, Demographer, Office of Population Affairs
Carl Shultz, M.D., Director, Office of Population Affairs
Wilma Scott Heide, National Chairwoman, National Organization for Women
General Andrew O’Meara (USA Ret.), National Chairman, Population Crisis Committee, Washington, D. C.
Phyllis T. Piotrow, Consultant, Population Crisis Committee, Washington, D. C.
Donald Paarlberg, Director, Agricultural Economics, US. Department of Agriculture
Lynn M. Daft, Assistant Deputy Administrator, Economic Research Service
The Hon. Stewart Udall, Lawyer, Environmental Columnist, former Secretary of the Interior
Rev. Monsignor James T. McHugh, Director, Family Life Division, United States Catholic Conference, Washington, 0. C.
Alan C. Guttmacher, M.D., President, Planned Parenthood-World Population
Milos Macura, Director, Population Division, United Nations
Roger Revelle, Chairman, Department of Demography, School of Public Health, Harvard University
George Hay Brown,
Herman P. Miller, Chief, Population Division
Carl Pope, Washington Representative, Zero Population Growth
Naomi T. Gray, President, Naomi Gray Associates, Inc., Family Planning Consultants, New York, New York
Rufus E. Miles, President, Population Reference Bureau, Washington, D. C.
John Tanton, National Chairman, Sierra Club Population Committee
Carl H. Madden, Chief Economist, Chamber of Commerce of the United States, Washington, D. C.
Bradley Byers and Gerald Barney, Arlington Committee on Optimum Growth, Arlington, Virginia
Rev. David 0. Poindexter, Director, Population Communications Center, United Methodist Church, New York, New York
Robert Lamson, Staff Associate, Plans and Analysis Office, National Science Foundation, Washington, D. C.
Los Angeles, California, May 3-4, 1971
S.I. Hayakawa, President, San Francisco State College John Westfall, Chairman, Geography Department
The Hon. Jerome Waldie, U.S. House of Representatives, 14th C. District, California
Mrs. Tee Bertha Spring, Member, Board of Directors, Los Angeles Regional Planning Council
Henry Gibson, Television Entertainer, Malibu
Kingsley Davis, Professor of Sociology, International Population and Urban Research and Department of Sociology, University of California, Berkeley
Frederic G. Styles, Executive Director, Science and Technology Advisory Council, California State Assembly
Eduardo Arriaga, University of California, Berkeley
Manuel Aragon, Jr., General Manager, City of Commerce Investment Company; former Executive Director, Economic and Youth Opportunity Agency, Los Angeles County
Kenneth M. Mitzner, President, Mobilization for the Unnamed, Los Angeles
Joe C. Ortega, Associate Counsel, Mexican-American Legal Defense and Education Fund, Inc.
Walter R. Trinkaus, President, Right to Life League of Southern California, and Professor of Law, Loyola University of Los Angeles
Judith Ayala, Registered Nurse, Los Angeles
Johnson C. Montgomery, Attorney, representing Zero Population Growth, Palo Alto
Stuart W. Knight, Attorney, Anaheim, California
The Hon. Tom Bradley, Los Angeles City Council
Addie Klotz, M.D., Director of Student Council Services, San Fernando Valley State College and three students
David S. Hall, Senior Public Health Educator, Los Angeles County Public Health Department
Laura Anderson, Coordinator, Comprehensive Family Planning Program, Berkeley
Calvin S. Hamilton, Director of Planning, City of Los Angeles
Clarence R. Allen, Professor of Geology and Geophysics, Seismological Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Los Angeles
Walt Thompson, Chairman, Journalism Department, Laney College, Oakland
Alfred Heller, Director, California Tomorrow, San Francisco Ernest Loebbeke, Past President, California State Chamber of Commerce, Los Angeles
Robert Sassone, President, League for Infants, Fetuses and the Elderly, Santa Ana
James Edinger, Associate Professor of Meteorology, University of California, Los Angeles
Rits Tadema, Westminster
Little Rock, Arkansas, June 7-8, 1971
The Hon. John L. McClellan, U.S. Senate, Arkansas
The Hon. David Pryor, U.S. House of Representatives, 4th C. District, Arkansas
Eddie White, Seasonal Farm Worker, Altheimer
Colin Clark, International Economist; Fellow of Monasch University, Melbourne, Australia
William (Sonny) Walker, Director, Equal Opportunity Division, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Little Rock
Gordon D. Morgan, Professor of Sociology, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
The Hon. Winthrop Rockefeller, former Governer of Arkansas, Little Rock
Calvin L. Beale, Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C.
Mariah Gilmore, Trainee in Operation Mainstream, a project funded by Opportunities Industrialization Center, Little Rock
Mrs. Mitchell, Counselor, Opportunities Industrialization Center, Little Rock
Barton A. Westerlund, Director, Industrial Research and Extension Center, College of Business Administration, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Jason Rouby, Executive Director, Metroplan, Little Rock John H. Opitz, Executive Director, the Ozarks Regional Commission, Washington, D. C.
William W. Blunt, Jr., Chief Counsel, Economic Development Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C.
William C. Nolan, Jr., Vice President, El Dorado Chamber of Commerce
Paul Stabler, Field Representative for the Oklahoma Indian Affairs Commission, Tulsa, Oklahoma
Russell Thomas, Director of Industrial Relations, Wolverine Toy Company, Cooneville
David L. Barclay, M.D., Professor and Chairman of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Arkansas Medical Center
Rex Ramsey, M.D., Director of Maternal and Child Health. Division, Arkansas State Health Department
Trusten H. Holder, Private Consultant in the areas of ecological studies, outdoor recreation, environmental planning, Little Rock
Pratt Remmel, Jr., Director, Arkansas Ecology Center, Little Rock
The Hon. Dale Bumpers, Governor of Arkansas
E. L. Bud Stewart, Jr., Federal Co-Chairman, The Ozarks Regional Commission, Washington, D. C.
Chicago, Illinois, June 21-22, 1971
Philip M. Hauser, Professor of Sociology, University of Chicago
The Hon. Marilou Hedlund, Member, Chicago City Council
Jeffrey R. Short, Jr., President, J. R. Short Milling Company, Chicago
Richard Babcock, Attorney, and Past President, American Society of Planning Officials, Chicago
Lawrence B. Christmas, Technical Director, Northeastern Illinois Planning Commission, Chicago
Norman Lazarus, President, N. Lazarus Company, Chicago John Yolton, Administrative Assistant to Olga Madar, Vice
President of the United Auto Workers, Detroit, Michigan Conrad E. Terrien, Chemical Engineer, Villa Park
Rev. Don C. Shaw, Executive Director, Midwest Population Center, Chicago
Ellen Peck, Author, Baltimore, Maryland
Rev. Jesse Jackson, National Director, Operation Breadbasket, Chicago
Anthony Downs, Senior Vice President, Real Estate Research Corporation, Chicago
Jean Phillips, Senior at Northeastern Illinois State College, Chicago
John E. Lester, Student, Northeastern Illinois State College, Chicago
Frances Frecb, Housewife, Kansas City, Missouri
The Hon. William Cousins, Member, Chicago City Council
lone Du Val, Director of Immigrant Services, The Travelers Aid Society of Metropolitan Chicago and Immigrants Service League
Fred Domville, Oak Park
New York, New York, September 27-28, 1971
The Hon. Percy Sutton, President, Borough of Manhattan
Gordon Chase, Health Services Administrator, City of New York, and Chairman, Health and Hospital Corporation
The Hon. Timothy Costello, Deputy Mayor, City of New York George Trombetta, M.D., Chief of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Highland Hospital, Rochester
Alyce Friend, Family Planning Counselor, Rochester
Sylvester Charleston, Student, Bernard Baruch College, New York, New York
Harriet Surovell; High School Women’s Coalition, New York, New York
Frank Febus, Student, New York Institute of Photography
Bill Baird, Lecturer on Abortion and Birth Control; Director of the Parents’ Aid Society, Hempstead, Long Island
Robert M. Byrn, Professor of Law, Fordham University School of Law
Bernard Pisani, M.D., Director, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. Vincent’s Hospital, New York, New York
Alvin F. Moran, Executive Vice President, Planned Parenthood of New York, New York
Donald HohI, Assistant Director of Migration and Refugee Services, U.S. Catholic Conference, Washington, D. C.
Edward J. Logue, President, New York State Urban Development Corporation
Mr. Magee, New York, New York
Paul Ylvisaker, Professor of Public Affairs and Urban Planning, Princeton University
Betty Rollin, Author, New York, New York
Patricia Cooper, Director, Pennsport Civic Association, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Mrs. Fizur, Community Worker, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Joseph Monserrat, New York City Board of Education; former Director of Migration Services, Department of Labor, Puerto Rico
Robert 0. Anderson, Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer, Atlantic-Richfield Company, New York, New York
Irving Stern, Director of Local 342, Amalgamated Meat Cutters and Retail Food Store Employees Union; International Vice President, Amalgamated Meat Cutters and Butchers Union; Vice President, New York City Central Labor Council
Eugene S. Callender, President, New York Urban Coalition
To establish a Commission on Population Growth and the American Future.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Commission on Population Growth and the American Future is hereby established to conduct and sponsor such recommendations as may be necessary to provide information and education to all levels of government in the United States, and to our people, regarding a broad range of problems associated with population growth and their implications for America’s future.
MEMBERSHIP OF COMMISSION
Sec. 2. (a) The Commission on Population Growth and the American Future (hereinafter referred to as the “Commission”) shall be composed of—
(1) two Members of the Senate who shall be members of different political parties and who shall be appointed by the President of the Senate;
(2) two Members of the House of Representatives who shall be members of different political parties and who shall be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives; and
(3) not to exceed twenty members appointed by the President.
(b) The President shall designate one of the members to serve as Chairman and one to serve as Vice Chairman of the Commission.
(c) The majority of the members of the Commission shall constitute a quorum, but a lesser number may conduct hearings.
COMPENSATION OF MEMBERS OF THE COMMISSION
Sec. 3. (a) Members of the Commission who are officers or full-time employees of the
United States shall serve without compensation in addition to that received for their services as officers or employees of the United States.
(b) Members of the Commission who are not officers or full-time employees of the United States shall each receive $100 per diem when engaged in the actual performance of duties vested in the Commission.
(c) All members of the Commission shall be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, as authorized by section 5703 of title 5 of the United States Code for persons in the Government service employed intermittently.
80 Stat. 499;
DUTIES OF THE COMMISSION
Sec. 4. The Commission shall conduct an inquiry into the following aspects of population growth in the United States and its foreseeable social consequences:
(1) the probable course of population growth, internal migration, and related demographic developments between now and the year 2000;
(2) the resources in the public sector of the
economy that will be required to deal with the anticipated
(3) the ways in which population growth may affect the activities of Federal, State, and local government;
(4) the impact of population growth on environmental pollution and on the depletion of natural resources; and
(5) the various means appropriate to the ethical values and principles of this society by which our Nation can achieve a population level properly suited for its environmental, natural resources, and other needs.
STAFF OF THE COMMISSION
Sec. 5. (a) The Commission shall appoint an Executive Director and such other personnel as the Commission deems necessary without regard to the provisions of title 5 of the United States Code governing appointments in the competitive service and shall fix the compensation of such personnel without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 and subtitle II of chapter 53 of such title relating to classification and General Schedule pay rates: Provided, That no personnel so appointed shall receive compensation in excess of the rate authorized for GS-18 by section 5332 of such title.
80 Stat. 378. 5 USC 101 et seq. 80 Stat. 443, 459.
(b) The Executive Director, with the approval of the Commission, is authorized to obtain services in accordance with the provisions of section 3109 of title 5 of the United States Code, but at rates for individuals not to exceed the per diem equivalent of the rate authorized for GS-18 by section 5332 of such title.
34 F. R 9605. 5UDC 5332 note. 80 Stat. 416.
(c) The Commission is authorized to enter into contracts with public agencies, private firms, institutions, and individuals for the conduct of research and surveys, the preparation of reports, and other activities necessary to the discharge of its duties.
GOVERNMENT AGENCY COOPERATION
Sec. 6. The Commission is authorized to request from any Federal department or agency any information and assistance it deems necessary to carry out its functions; and each such department or agency is authorized to cooperate with the Commission and, to the extent permitted by law, to furnish such information and assistance to the Commission upon request made by the Chairman or any other member when acting as Chairman.
Sec. 7. The General Services Administration shall provide administrative services for the Commission on a reimbursable basis.
REPORTS OF COMMISSION:
Sec. 8. In order that the President and the Congress may be kept advised of the progress of its work, the Commission shall, from time to time, report to the President and the Congress such significant findings and recommendations as it deems advisable. The Commission shall submit an interim report to the President and the Congress one year after it is established and shall submit its final report two years after the enactment of this Act. The Commission shall cease to exist sixty days after the date of the submission of its final report.
AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS
Sec. 9. There are hereby authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such amounts as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act.
Approved March 16, 1970.
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