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Sustainable Society:  A society that balances the environment, other life forms, and human interactions over an indefinite time period.







The United States Sustainable Population Policy Project

June 1999

What is USS3P?
Why USS3P is a Good Idea
The U.S. Population Needs to be Stabilized

    1.) Facts
    2.) Quality of  Life Issues
World Conferences Calling for Population Stabilization
Previous Initiatives Calling for United States Population Stabilization
The Five Phases of USS3P
Initial Phase:  Citizens Dialogue Sessions / Town Meetings
    Professional Focus Groups
    Support Needed


What is USS3P?

· A project to develop and implement a domestic population policy for the United States in order to achieve long-term environmental and economic sustainability.

· A national grassroots effort with broad national, state and local support.

· The only initiative underway to address all aspects of the population problem.

Why USS3P is a Good Idea:

· 1996 Roper Poll reports that a majority of Americans want to see U.S. population levels no larger than today's and many desire a smaller population than today.

· Facts about sustainability speak strongly for the need of a population policy.

The U.S. Population Needs to be Stabilized 

1.) Facts:

The United States is the only developed and one of the very few nations without a formally instituted national population policy. The U.S. population is now around 272 million, adding nearly 250,000 every month, and at 1.1%, has the highest rate of growth of any nation in the developed world and higher than many developing nations.  At current growth rates, Census projections are for it to grow to over 500 million in the next 50 years and 800 million by the year 2080.

This is particularly troubling when some scientists say we are already exceeding our carrying capacity.  For example, authors Lindsey Grant and Leon Bouvier recently concluded that, "the U.S. because of it's size and consumption habits, is the most destabilizing entity within Earth's fragile ecosystem."

It is important that through the efforts of USS3P, the Administration will be encouraged to pass appropriate legislation and at a minimum, establish a national commission with the function of adopting and implementing a fair, equitable, and sustainable national population policy.

2.) Quality of  Life Issues:

· More Air, Land, and Water Pollution

· More Urban Sprawl

· Traffic congestion

· Water Shortages

· Depletion of Fossil Fuels

· Less Habitat for People and Other Species

· Loss of Farmland leading to Higher Food Prices

· Less Freedom at Parks & Recreation Places

· Higher Crime levels and less security

· Increasing taxes

· Increasing civil strife and government intrusion in private lives

· Increases in Disease and Poverty

· Widening income gap between the poor and well off

World Conferences Calling for Population Stabilization:

· Expert Population Conference, Rome 1954

· Expert Population Conference, Belgrade 1965

· World Population Conference, Bucharest, 1974

· UN International Population Conference, Mexico City 1984

· New Delhi Conference, 1993

· International Conference on Population & Development, Cairo 1994

· Follow Up to Cairo 1998

· Next?

Previous Initiatives Calling for United States Population Stabilization:

· June 1970 - First National Congress on Optimum Population and Environment (COPE) - A citizens movement supported and attended by 1,000 people.

· President Nixon's Commission on Population Growth and the American Future (Rockefeller Commission) appointed in 1970, completed in 1972.

· 1974 - Nixon Administration Study: "National Security Study Memorandum 200" (NSSM 200) - on population growth and its implications for US security. It became public policy 11-26-75 under Ford. However, it was stalled and never implemented because of pressure from opponents of family planning —the Vatican.

· Global 2000 Study - Carter Administration 1978

· Series of Population Policy Bills introduced into Congress beginning in 1970's

· June 1994, Clinton's Presidential Decision Directive (PDD) which outlined the problem but was never signed.

· President’s Council on Sustainable Development 1995 (PCSD). The Report from Taskforce on Population and Consumption was never formally adopted nor did it promote a national population policy. However, it continues to be useful in the sustainable cities effort.

The Five Phases of USS3P

As stated in the Planning Document:

· Focus Groups, National Polling, and Citizen Dialog Sessions

· Pre-conference for experts and specialists including, but not limited to:

        · environmentalists        · minorities

        · civic groups                · social Justice groups

        · religious leaders         · the media

        · corporations               · others

        · educators

· Regional Preparatory Conferences - to make comments on recommendations of experts.

· National Conference - Open to national, regional, grassroots organizations and individuals - who will discuss and endorse recommendations and identify avenues for implementation. Electronic and video conferencing planned.

· Implementation Phase - Activities identified during previous phases will be carried out, including a call to establish a national commission to formulate a population policy for the U.S.  Books written will help to educate the American public.

Initial Phase:  Citizens Dialogue Sessions / Town Meetings:

· When?  —Spring or Summer 1999? 2000?

· Why?  —Greater number of citizens groups = more information for participants (experts) at Pre-conference.

· How?  —Each Citizens Group Would Submit a Summary to National Coordinator.

· Who?  —Volunteers for Citizens Dialogue committee in different areas. Can be as simple as a monthly meeting, or a full Town Hall meeting.

Professional Focus Groups:

Proposal from Belden & Russonello (Jan. '96):

· Research Plan - To build upon past research and assess values and attitudes among key constituency groups.

· Focus groups would provide more useful and insightful information from which a communications strategy may be developed.

 · Several Focus Groups meetings have already been conducted.


· Knowledge about rates of population growth in the U.S. and other nations;

· Knowledge about U.S. per capita use of resources and production of pollution;

· Motivations toward reproductive decision-making, specifically toward having two or more children;

· Arguments and information which can cause individuals to reassess their perceptions of optimal family sizes and population levels in the U.S.

Support Needed:

· The United States Congress.

· Ideas and expertise of our environmental leaders

   —to make the connection between population growth and the environment and

   —to come to the table and make recommendations.

· Support of local, state, and national organizations to join us as cosponsors (more than environmental).

· Help in funding - locally & nationally.


This is a major initiative calling for a national dialogue on the population issue and all that encompasses. The public overwhelmingly supports this program and we encourage the Congress to actively promote and to fund the project.

· Imperative that the United States population achieve stability.

· Structure of Plan is effective and fair.

· Not a single conference, but an ongoing effort involving everyone from the grassroots on up.

· Plan is Unique.

· USS3P is the only major initiative before us today.

· There is not time for another plan before the end of this decade —a very critical time if we are ever to achieve an environmentally and economically sustainable United States population.

· With each increment of United States population, the world becomes politically less stable, economically unsustainable, and environmentally critical.

· Complete documents are at USS3P Website: < http://www.iti.com/iti/uss3p > [Link no longer works; all items are available on the MFS Website.]

Contact Information:

Carole Wilmoth, Executive Committee
U.S. Sustainable Population Policy Project
919 Vinecrest
Richardson, TX 75080-3043

Ph. (972) 238-8805
Fax: (972) 479-0322
E-Mail: Carole Wilmoth <71634.217@COMPUSERVE.COM>
Website: < http://www.iti.com/iti/uss3p > [Link no longer works.]

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