Minnesotans For Sustainability


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Sustainable Society:  A society that balances the environment, other life forms, and human interactions over an indefinite time period.







"Wolf pack of the northern forest." Courtesy Wolf Pack Picture Gallerie.


Biologists state the environmental health and sustainability of an area, region, or system can be determined from the numbers of species at its margins. At the upper biological margin the species would be the wolf, lynx, grizzly, and elk while at the less noticeable level would be earthworms and appropriate diatoms.

The existence of these species does not guarantee system balance. Even larger areas ─such as a national park, limit mobility. Thus, many natural areas can be thought of as living natural history museums.

In order to be successful, biologist state natural areas should be broadly connected across local areas, states, nations and continents using large natural barriers such as deserts and water bodies to define movements.

Life is a biological mosaic interdependent on the whole, ─"the Web of Life", and the greater the species at the margins, the more in balance and sustainable. Wolves are an important species in that regard.

Home ] Manifesto: Declaration of Principles for Wolf Conservation ] European Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats ] Summary Wolf Management & History ] Wolf History & Expansion in Minnesota ] Tips for Avoiding Conflicts with Wolves ] Who's Afraid of the Big Bad Wolf" ] Meaning of Wolf Essay ] Wolves & The Tonic of Wildness ] Wolf Management In The 21st Century ] Izaak Walton League Minnesota Division: Wolf Management Plan ] Wolf Depredation on Livestock in Minnesota ] Assessing Factors That May Predispose Minnesota Farms To Wolf Depredation on Cattle ] Wolf Pack Size and Food Acquisition ] Ravens Determine Wolf Packs? ] Patterns of Prey Selection by Wolves in Denali National Park ] Details of Extensive Movements by Minnesota Wolves ] Wolf Dominance in Packs -Alpha Status ] Costs of Maintaining a Recovered Wolf Population ] Managing Minnesota's Recovered Wolves ] Assessing Record Large Minnesota Wolf Pack ] Wolves and Deer Harvest in Minnesota ] Wolf and Deer Proximity in Minnesota ]

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